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Scale 3751: "Aerathyllic"

Scale 3751: Aerathyllic, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Common Names

Zeitler
Aerathyllic
Dozenal
Yabian

Analysis

Cardinality

Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

8 (octatonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11

{0,1,2,5,7,9,10,11}

Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Allen Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.

8-11

Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.

none

Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.

none

Palindromicity

A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.

no

Chirality

A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

yes
enantiomorph: 3247

Hemitonia

A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

5 (multihemitonic)

Cohemitonia

A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

4 (multicohemitonic)

Imperfections

An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.

3

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.

7

Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

no
prime: 703

Generator

Indicates if the scale can be constructed using a generator, and an origin.

none

Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.

no

Interval Structure

Defines the scale as the sequence of intervals between one tone and the next.

[1, 1, 3, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1]

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

<5, 6, 5, 5, 5, 2>

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hanson.

p5m5n5s6d5t2

Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,2,3}
<2> = {2,3,4,5}
<3> = {3,4,5,6,7}
<4> = {4,5,6,7,8}
<5> = {5,6,7,8,9}
<6> = {7,8,9,10}
<7> = {9,10,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.

2.75

Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.

no

Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.

no

Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.

2.616

Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.

6.002

Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.

no

Balanced

A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.

no

Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.

none

Propriety

Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".

Improper

Heteromorphic Profile

Defined by Norman Carey (2002), the heteromorphic profile is an ordered triple of (c, a, d) where c is the number of contradictions, a is the number of ambiguities, and d is the number of differences. When c is zero, the scale is Proper. When a is also zero, the scale is Strictly Proper.

(59, 69, 149)

Common Triads

These are the common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that you can create from members of this scale.

* Pitches are shown with C as the root

Triad TypeTriad*Pitch ClassesDegreeEccentricityCloseness Centrality
Major TriadsF{5,9,0}152.67
G{7,11,2}252.33
A♯{10,2,5}431.44
Minor Triadsdm{2,5,9}231.78
gm{7,10,2}341.78
a♯m{10,1,5}331.56
Augmented TriadsC♯+{1,5,9}341.89
Diminished Triads{7,10,1}231.89
{11,2,5}242
Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 3751. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 C#+ C#+ dm dm C#+->dm F F C#+->F a#m a#m C#+->a#m A# A# dm->A# gm gm g°->gm g°->a#m Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 3751. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 G gm->G gm->A# G->b° a#m->A# A#->b°

view full size

Above is a graph showing opportunities for parsimonious voice leading between triads*. Each line connects two triads that have two common tones, while the third tone changes by one generic scale step.

Diameter5
Radius3
Self-Centeredno
Central Verticesdm, g°, a♯m, A♯
Peripheral VerticesF, G

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 3751 can be rotated to make 7 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 3923
Scale 3923: Stoptyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryStoptyllic
3rd mode:
Scale 4009
Scale 4009: Phranyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhranyllic
4th mode:
Scale 1013
Scale 1013: Stydyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryStydyllic
5th mode:
Scale 1277
Scale 1277: Zadyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZadyllic
6th mode:
Scale 1343
Scale 1343: Zalyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZalyllic
7th mode:
Scale 2719
Scale 2719: Zocryllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZocryllic
8th mode:
Scale 3407
Scale 3407: Katocryllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKatocryllic

Prime

The prime form of this scale is Scale 703

Scale 703Scale 703: Aerocryllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAerocryllic

Complement

The octatonic modal family [3751, 3923, 4009, 1013, 1277, 1343, 2719, 3407] (Forte: 8-11) is the complement of the tetratonic modal family [43, 1409, 1541, 2069] (Forte: 4-11)

Inverse

The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 3751 is 3247

Scale 3247Scale 3247: Aeolonyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeolonyllic

Enantiomorph

Only scales that are chiral will have an enantiomorph. Scale 3751 is chiral, and its enantiomorph is scale 3247

Scale 3247Scale 3247: Aeolonyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeolonyllic

Transformations:

In the abbreviation, the subscript number after "T" is the number of semitones of tranposition, "M" means the pitch class is multiplied by 5, and "I" means the result is inverted. Operation is an identical way to express the same thing; the syntax is <a,b> where each tone of the set x is transformed by the equation y = ax + b

Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0 <1,0> 3751       T0I <11,0> 3247
T1 <1,1> 3407      T1I <11,1> 2399
T2 <1,2> 2719      T2I <11,2> 703
T3 <1,3> 1343      T3I <11,3> 1406
T4 <1,4> 2686      T4I <11,4> 2812
T5 <1,5> 1277      T5I <11,5> 1529
T6 <1,6> 2554      T6I <11,6> 3058
T7 <1,7> 1013      T7I <11,7> 2021
T8 <1,8> 2026      T8I <11,8> 4042
T9 <1,9> 4052      T9I <11,9> 3989
T10 <1,10> 4009      T10I <11,10> 3883
T11 <1,11> 3923      T11I <11,11> 3671
Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0M <5,0> 3751       T0MI <7,0> 3247
T1M <5,1> 3407      T1MI <7,1> 2399
T2M <5,2> 2719      T2MI <7,2> 703
T3M <5,3> 1343      T3MI <7,3> 1406
T4M <5,4> 2686      T4MI <7,4> 2812
T5M <5,5> 1277      T5MI <7,5> 1529
T6M <5,6> 2554      T6MI <7,6> 3058
T7M <5,7> 1013      T7MI <7,7> 2021
T8M <5,8> 2026      T8MI <7,8> 4042
T9M <5,9> 4052      T9MI <7,9> 3989
T10M <5,10> 4009      T10MI <7,10> 3883
T11M <5,11> 3923      T11MI <7,11> 3671

The transformations that map this set to itself are: T0, T0M

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 3749Scale 3749: Raga Sorati, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Sorati
Scale 3747Scale 3747: Myrian, Ian Ring Music TheoryMyrian
Scale 3755Scale 3755: Phryryllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhryryllic
Scale 3759Scale 3759: Darygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryDarygic
Scale 3767Scale 3767: Chromatic Bebop, Ian Ring Music TheoryChromatic Bebop
Scale 3719Scale 3719: Xofian, Ian Ring Music TheoryXofian
Scale 3735Scale 3735: Xupian, Ian Ring Music TheoryXupian
Scale 3783Scale 3783: Phrygyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhrygyllic
Scale 3815Scale 3815: Galygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryGalygic
Scale 3623Scale 3623: Aerocrian, Ian Ring Music TheoryAerocrian
Scale 3687Scale 3687: Zonyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZonyllic
Scale 3879Scale 3879: Pathyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPathyllic
Scale 4007Scale 4007: Doptygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryDoptygic
Scale 3239Scale 3239: Mela Tanarupi, Ian Ring Music TheoryMela Tanarupi
Scale 3495Scale 3495: Banyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryBanyllic
Scale 2727Scale 2727: Mela Manavati, Ian Ring Music TheoryMela Manavati
Scale 1703Scale 1703: Mela Vanaspati, Ian Ring Music TheoryMela Vanaspati

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. All other diagrams and visualizations are © Ian Ring. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler (http://allthescales.org) used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy, and George Howlett for assistance with the Carnatic ragas.