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Scale 3791: "Stodygic"

Scale 3791: Stodygic, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Common Names

Zeitler
Stodygic

Analysis

Cardinality

Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

9 (enneatonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11

{0,1,2,3,6,7,9,10,11}

Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Allen Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.

9-3

Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.

none

Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.

none

Palindromicity

A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.

no

Chirality

A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

yes
enantiomorph: 3695

Hemitonia

A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

7 (multihemitonic)

Cohemitonia

A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

5 (multicohemitonic)

Imperfections

An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.

3

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.

8

Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

no
prime: 895

Generator

Indicates if the scale can be constructed using a generator, and an origin.

none

Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.

no

Interval Formula

Defines the scale as the sequence of intervals between one tone and the next.

[1, 1, 1, 3, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1]

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

<7, 6, 7, 7, 6, 3>

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hanson.

p6m7n7s6d7t3

Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,2,3}
<2> = {2,3,4}
<3> = {3,4,5,6}
<4> = {4,5,6,7}
<5> = {5,6,7,8}
<6> = {6,7,8,9}
<7> = {8,9,10}
<8> = {9,10,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.

2.222

Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.

no

Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.

no

Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.

2.683

Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.

6.038

Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.

no

Balanced

A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.

no

Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.

none

Propriety

Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".

Improper

Heteromorphic Profile

Defined by Norman Carey (2002), the heteromorphic profile is an ordered triple of (c, a, d) where c is the number of contradictions, a is the number of ambiguities, and d is the number of differences. When c is zero, the scale is Proper. When a is also zero, the scale is Strictly Proper.

(64, 107, 194)

Common Triads

These are the common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that you can create from members of this scale.

* Pitches are shown with C as the root

Triad TypeTriad*Pitch ClassesDegreeEccentricityCloseness Centrality
Major TriadsD{2,6,9}342.35
D♯{3,7,10}342.24
F♯{6,10,1}342.35
G{7,11,2}342.35
B{11,3,6}442.24
Minor Triadscm{0,3,7}342.53
d♯m{3,6,10}442.12
f♯m{6,9,1}342.53
gm{7,10,2}442.24
bm{11,2,6}342.24
Augmented TriadsD+{2,6,10}542
D♯+{3,7,11}442.24
Diminished Triads{0,3,6}252.71
d♯°{3,6,9}242.59
f♯°{6,9,0}242.76
{7,10,1}252.71
{9,0,3}242.76
Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 3791. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 cm cm c°->cm B B c°->B D#+ D#+ cm->D#+ cm->a° D D D+ D+ D->D+ d#° d#° D->d#° f#m f#m D->f#m d#m d#m D+->d#m F# F# D+->F# gm gm D+->gm bm bm D+->bm d#°->d#m D# D# d#m->D# d#m->B D#->D#+ D#->gm Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 3791. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 G D#+->G D#+->B f#° f#° f#°->f#m f#°->a° f#m->F# F#->g° g°->gm gm->G G->bm bm->B

view full size

Above is a graph showing opportunities for parsimonious voice leading between triads*. Each line connects two triads that have two common tones, while the third tone changes by one generic scale step.

Diameter5
Radius4
Self-Centeredno
Central Verticescm, D, D+, d♯°, d♯m, D♯, D♯+, f♯°, f♯m, F♯, gm, G, a°, bm, B
Peripheral Verticesc°, g°

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 3791 can be rotated to make 8 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 3943
Scale 3943: Zynygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZynygic
3rd mode:
Scale 4019
Scale 4019: Lonygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryLonygic
4th mode:
Scale 4057
Scale 4057: Phrygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhrygic
5th mode:
Scale 1019
Scale 1019: Aeranygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeranygic
6th mode:
Scale 2557
Scale 2557: Dothygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryDothygic
7th mode:
Scale 1663
Scale 1663: Lydygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryLydygic
8th mode:
Scale 2879
Scale 2879: Stadygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryStadygic
9th mode:
Scale 3487
Scale 3487: Byptygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryByptygic

Prime

The prime form of this scale is Scale 895

Scale 895Scale 895: Aeolathygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeolathygic

Complement

The enneatonic modal family [3791, 3943, 4019, 4057, 1019, 2557, 1663, 2879, 3487] (Forte: 9-3) is the complement of the tritonic modal family [19, 769, 2057] (Forte: 3-3)

Inverse

The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 3791 is 3695

Scale 3695Scale 3695: Kodygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKodygic

Enantiomorph

Only scales that are chiral will have an enantiomorph. Scale 3791 is chiral, and its enantiomorph is scale 3695

Scale 3695Scale 3695: Kodygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKodygic

Transformations:

In the abbreviation, the subscript number after "T" is the number of semitones of tranposition, "M" means the pitch class is multiplied by 5, and "I" means the result is inverted. Operation is an identical way to express the same thing; the syntax is <a,b> where each tone of the set x is transformed by the equation y = ax + b

Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0 <1,0> 3791       T0I <11,0> 3695
T1 <1,1> 3487      T1I <11,1> 3295
T2 <1,2> 2879      T2I <11,2> 2495
T3 <1,3> 1663      T3I <11,3> 895
T4 <1,4> 3326      T4I <11,4> 1790
T5 <1,5> 2557      T5I <11,5> 3580
T6 <1,6> 1019      T6I <11,6> 3065
T7 <1,7> 2038      T7I <11,7> 2035
T8 <1,8> 4076      T8I <11,8> 4070
T9 <1,9> 4057      T9I <11,9> 4045
T10 <1,10> 4019      T10I <11,10> 3995
T11 <1,11> 3943      T11I <11,11> 3895
Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0M <5,0> 3821      T0MI <7,0> 1775
T1M <5,1> 3547      T1MI <7,1> 3550
T2M <5,2> 2999      T2MI <7,2> 3005
T3M <5,3> 1903      T3MI <7,3> 1915
T4M <5,4> 3806      T4MI <7,4> 3830
T5M <5,5> 3517      T5MI <7,5> 3565
T6M <5,6> 2939      T6MI <7,6> 3035
T7M <5,7> 1783      T7MI <7,7> 1975
T8M <5,8> 3566      T8MI <7,8> 3950
T9M <5,9> 3037      T9MI <7,9> 3805
T10M <5,10> 1979      T10MI <7,10> 3515
T11M <5,11> 3958      T11MI <7,11> 2935

The transformations that map this set to itself are: T0

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 3789Scale 3789: Eporyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryEporyllic
Scale 3787Scale 3787: Kagyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKagyllic
Scale 3783Scale 3783: Phrygyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhrygyllic
Scale 3799Scale 3799: Aeralygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeralygic
Scale 3807Scale 3807: Bagyllian, Ian Ring Music TheoryBagyllian
Scale 3823Scale 3823: Epinyllian, Ian Ring Music TheoryEpinyllian
Scale 3727Scale 3727: Tholyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryTholyllic
Scale 3759Scale 3759: Darygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryDarygic
Scale 3663Scale 3663: Sonyllic, Ian Ring Music TheorySonyllic
Scale 3919Scale 3919: Lynygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryLynygic
Scale 4047Scale 4047: Decatonic Chromatic 7, Ian Ring Music TheoryDecatonic Chromatic 7
Scale 3279Scale 3279: Pythyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPythyllic
Scale 3535Scale 3535: Mylygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryMylygic
Scale 2767Scale 2767: Katydyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKatydyllic
Scale 1743Scale 1743: Epigyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryEpigyllic

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. All other diagrams and visualizations are © Ian Ring. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler (http://allthescales.org) used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy.