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Scale 2837: "Aelothimic"

Scale 2837: Aelothimic, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Common Names

Zeitler
Aelothimic
Dozenal
Rutian

Analysis

Cardinality

Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

6 (hexatonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11

{0,2,4,8,9,11}

Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Allen Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.

6-Z24

Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.

none

Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.

none

Palindromicity

A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.

no

Chirality

A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

yes
enantiomorph: 1307

Hemitonia

A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

2 (dihemitonic)

Cohemitonia

A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

0 (ancohemitonic)

Imperfections

An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.

3

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.

5

Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

no
prime: 347

Generator

Indicates if the scale can be constructed using a generator, and an origin.

none

Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.

no

Interval Structure

Defines the scale as the sequence of intervals between one tone and the next.

[2, 2, 4, 1, 2, 1]

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

<2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 1>

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hanson.

p3m3n3s3d2t

Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,2,4}
<2> = {3,4,5,6}
<3> = {4,5,7,8}
<4> = {6,7,8,9}
<5> = {8,10,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.

2.667

Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.

no

Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.

no

Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.

2.232

Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.

5.767

Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.

no

Balanced

A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.

no

Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.

none

Propriety

Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".

Improper

Heteromorphic Profile

Defined by Norman Carey (2002), the heteromorphic profile is an ordered triple of (c, a, d) where c is the number of contradictions, a is the number of ambiguities, and d is the number of differences. When c is zero, the scale is Proper. When a is also zero, the scale is Strictly Proper.

(14, 11, 59)

Common Triads

These are the common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that you can create from members of this scale.

* Pitches are shown with C as the root

Triad TypeTriad*Pitch ClassesDegreeEccentricityCloseness Centrality
Major TriadsE{4,8,11}221
Minor Triadsam{9,0,4}131.5
Augmented TriadsC+{0,4,8}221
Diminished Triadsg♯°{8,11,2}131.5
Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 2837. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 C+ C+ E E C+->E am am C+->am g#° g#° E->g#°

Above is a graph showing opportunities for parsimonious voice leading between triads*. Each line connects two triads that have two common tones, while the third tone changes by one generic scale step.

Diameter3
Radius2
Self-Centeredno
Central VerticesC+, E
Peripheral Verticesg♯°, am

Triad Polychords

Also known as Bi-Triadic Hexatonics (a term coined by mDecks), and related to Generic Modality Compression (a method for guitar by Mick Goodrick and Tim Miller), these are two common triads that when combined use all the tones in this scale.

There is 1 way that this hexatonic scale can be split into two common triads.


Diminished: {8, 11, 2}
Minor: {9, 0, 4}

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 2837 can be rotated to make 5 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 1733
Scale 1733: Raga Sarasvati, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Sarasvati
3rd mode:
Scale 1457
Scale 1457: Raga Kamalamanohari, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Kamalamanohari
4th mode:
Scale 347
Scale 347: Barimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryBarimicThis is the prime mode
5th mode:
Scale 2221
Scale 2221: Raga Sindhura Kafi, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Sindhura Kafi
6th mode:
Scale 1579
Scale 1579: Sagimic, Ian Ring Music TheorySagimic

Prime

The prime form of this scale is Scale 347

Scale 347Scale 347: Barimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryBarimic

Complement

The hexatonic modal family [2837, 1733, 1457, 347, 2221, 1579] (Forte: 6-Z24) is the complement of the hexatonic modal family [599, 697, 1481, 1829, 2347, 3221] (Forte: 6-Z46)

Inverse

The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 2837 is 1307

Scale 1307Scale 1307: Katorimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKatorimic

Enantiomorph

Only scales that are chiral will have an enantiomorph. Scale 2837 is chiral, and its enantiomorph is scale 1307

Scale 1307Scale 1307: Katorimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKatorimic

Transformations:

In the abbreviation, the subscript number after "T" is the number of semitones of tranposition, "M" means the pitch class is multiplied by 5, and "I" means the result is inverted. Operation is an identical way to express the same thing; the syntax is <a,b> where each tone of the set x is transformed by the equation y = ax + b

Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0 <1,0> 2837       T0I <11,0> 1307
T1 <1,1> 1579      T1I <11,1> 2614
T2 <1,2> 3158      T2I <11,2> 1133
T3 <1,3> 2221      T3I <11,3> 2266
T4 <1,4> 347      T4I <11,4> 437
T5 <1,5> 694      T5I <11,5> 874
T6 <1,6> 1388      T6I <11,6> 1748
T7 <1,7> 2776      T7I <11,7> 3496
T8 <1,8> 1457      T8I <11,8> 2897
T9 <1,9> 2914      T9I <11,9> 1699
T10 <1,10> 1733      T10I <11,10> 3398
T11 <1,11> 3466      T11I <11,11> 2701
Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0M <5,0> 1937      T0MI <7,0> 317
T1M <5,1> 3874      T1MI <7,1> 634
T2M <5,2> 3653      T2MI <7,2> 1268
T3M <5,3> 3211      T3MI <7,3> 2536
T4M <5,4> 2327      T4MI <7,4> 977
T5M <5,5> 559      T5MI <7,5> 1954
T6M <5,6> 1118      T6MI <7,6> 3908
T7M <5,7> 2236      T7MI <7,7> 3721
T8M <5,8> 377      T8MI <7,8> 3347
T9M <5,9> 754      T9MI <7,9> 2599
T10M <5,10> 1508      T10MI <7,10> 1103
T11M <5,11> 3016      T11MI <7,11> 2206

The transformations that map this set to itself are: T0

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 2839Scale 2839: Lyptian, Ian Ring Music TheoryLyptian
Scale 2833Scale 2833: Dolitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryDolitonic
Scale 2835Scale 2835: Ionygimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryIonygimic
Scale 2841Scale 2841: Sothimic, Ian Ring Music TheorySothimic
Scale 2845Scale 2845: Baptian, Ian Ring Music TheoryBaptian
Scale 2821Scale 2821: Rukian, Ian Ring Music TheoryRukian
Scale 2829Scale 2829: Rupian, Ian Ring Music TheoryRupian
Scale 2853Scale 2853: Baptimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryBaptimic
Scale 2869Scale 2869: Major Augmented, Ian Ring Music TheoryMajor Augmented
Scale 2901Scale 2901: Lydian Augmented, Ian Ring Music TheoryLydian Augmented
Scale 2965Scale 2965: Darian, Ian Ring Music TheoryDarian
Scale 2581Scale 2581: Raga Neroshta, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Neroshta
Scale 2709Scale 2709: Raga Kumud, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Kumud
Scale 2325Scale 2325: Pynitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPynitonic
Scale 3349Scale 3349: Aeolocrimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeolocrimic
Scale 3861Scale 3861: Phroptian, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhroptian
Scale 789Scale 789: Zogitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZogitonic
Scale 1813Scale 1813: Katothimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKatothimic

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. All other diagrams and visualizations are © Ian Ring. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler (http://allthescales.org) used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy, and George Howlett for assistance with the Carnatic ragas.