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Scale 3259

Scale 3259, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Analysis

Cardinality

Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

8 (octatonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11

{0,1,3,4,5,7,10,11}

Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Allen Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.

8-Z29

Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.

none

Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.

none

Palindromicity

A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.

no

Chirality

A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

yes
enantiomorph: 2983

Hemitonia

A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

5 (multihemitonic)

Cohemitonia

A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

3 (tricohemitonic)

Imperfections

An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.

3

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.

7

Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

no
prime: 751

Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.

no

Interval Formula

Defines the scale as the sequence of intervals between one tone and the next.

[1, 2, 1, 1, 2, 3, 1, 1]

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

<5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 3>

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hanson.

p5m5n5s5d5t3

Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,2,3}
<2> = {2,3,4,5}
<3> = {3,4,5,6}
<4> = {5,6,7}
<5> = {6,7,8,9}
<6> = {7,8,9,10}
<7> = {9,10,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.

2.25

Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.

no

Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.

no

Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.

2.616

Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.

6.002

Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.

no

Balanced

A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.

no

Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.

none

Propriety

Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".

Improper

Common Triads

These are the common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that you can create from members of this scale.

* Pitches are shown with C as the root

Triad TypeTriad*Pitch ClassesDegreeEccentricityCloseness Centrality
Major TriadsC{0,4,7}341.9
D♯{3,7,10}341.9
Minor Triadscm{0,3,7}242.1
em{4,7,11}341.9
a♯m{10,1,5}242.3
Augmented TriadsD♯+{3,7,11}341.9
Diminished Triadsc♯°{1,4,7}242.1
{4,7,10}242.1
{7,10,1}242.1
a♯°{10,1,4}242.3
Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 3259. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 cm cm C C cm->C D#+ D#+ cm->D#+ c#° c#° C->c#° em em C->em a#° a#° c#°->a#° D# D# D#->D#+ D#->e° D#->g° D#+->em e°->em a#m a#m g°->a#m a#°->a#m

view full size

Above is a graph showing opportunities for parsimonious voice leading between triads*. Each line connects two triads that have two common tones, while the third tone changes by one generic scale step.

Diameter4
Radius4
Self-Centeredyes

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 3259 can be rotated to make 7 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 3677
Scale 3677, Ian Ring Music Theory
3rd mode:
Scale 1943
Scale 1943, Ian Ring Music Theory
4th mode:
Scale 3019
Scale 3019, Ian Ring Music Theory
5th mode:
Scale 3557
Scale 3557, Ian Ring Music Theory
6th mode:
Scale 1913
Scale 1913, Ian Ring Music Theory
7th mode:
Scale 751
Scale 751, Ian Ring Music TheoryThis is the prime mode
8th mode:
Scale 2423
Scale 2423, Ian Ring Music Theory

Prime

The prime form of this scale is Scale 751

Scale 751Scale 751, Ian Ring Music Theory

Complement

The octatonic modal family [3259, 3677, 1943, 3019, 3557, 1913, 751, 2423] (Forte: 8-Z29) is the complement of the tetratonic modal family [139, 353, 1553, 2117] (Forte: 4-Z29)

Inverse

The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 3259 is 2983

Scale 2983Scale 2983: Zythyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZythyllic

Enantiomorph

Only scales that are chiral will have an enantiomorph. Scale 3259 is chiral, and its enantiomorph is scale 2983

Scale 2983Scale 2983: Zythyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZythyllic

Transformations:

T0 3259  T0I 2983
T1 2423  T1I 1871
T2 751  T2I 3742
T3 1502  T3I 3389
T4 3004  T4I 2683
T5 1913  T5I 1271
T6 3826  T6I 2542
T7 3557  T7I 989
T8 3019  T8I 1978
T9 1943  T9I 3956
T10 3886  T10I 3817
T11 3677  T11I 3539

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 3257Scale 3257: Mela Calanata, Ian Ring Music TheoryMela Calanata
Scale 3261Scale 3261: Dodyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryDodyllic
Scale 3263Scale 3263: Pyrygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPyrygic
Scale 3251Scale 3251: Mela Hatakambari, Ian Ring Music TheoryMela Hatakambari
Scale 3255Scale 3255: Daryllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryDaryllic
Scale 3243Scale 3243: Mela Rupavati, Ian Ring Music TheoryMela Rupavati
Scale 3227Scale 3227: Aeolocrian, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeolocrian
Scale 3291Scale 3291: Lygyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryLygyllic
Scale 3323Scale 3323: Lacrygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryLacrygic
Scale 3131Scale 3131, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 3195Scale 3195: Raryllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaryllic
Scale 3387Scale 3387: Aeryptyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeryptyllic
Scale 3515Scale 3515: Moorish Phrygian, Ian Ring Music TheoryMoorish Phrygian
Scale 3771Scale 3771: Stophygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryStophygic
Scale 2235Scale 2235: Bathian, Ian Ring Music TheoryBathian
Scale 2747Scale 2747: Stythyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryStythyllic
Scale 1211Scale 1211: Zadian, Ian Ring Music TheoryZadian

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler (http://allthescales.org) used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy.