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Scale 2747: "Stythyllic"

Scale 2747: Stythyllic, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Common Names

Zeitler
Stythyllic
Dozenal
Reqian

Analysis

Cardinality

Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

8 (octatonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11

{0,1,3,4,5,7,9,11}

Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Allen Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.

8-24

Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.

none

Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.

[2]

Palindromicity

A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.

no

Chirality

A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

no

Hemitonia

A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

4 (multihemitonic)

Cohemitonia

A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

2 (dicohemitonic)

Imperfections

An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.

4

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.

7

Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

no
prime: 1399

Generator

Indicates if the scale can be constructed using a generator, and an origin.

none

Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.

no

Interval Structure

Defines the scale as the sequence of intervals between one tone and the next.

[1, 2, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 1]

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

<4, 6, 4, 7, 4, 3>

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hanson.

p4m7n4s6d4t3

Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,2}
<2> = {2,3,4}
<3> = {4,5,6}
<4> = {5,6,7}
<5> = {6,7,8}
<6> = {8,9,10}
<7> = {10,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.

1.5

Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.

no

Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.

yes

Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.

2.732

Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.

6.071

Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.

no

Balanced

A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.

no

Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.

[4]

Propriety

Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".

Improper

Heteromorphic Profile

Defined by Norman Carey (2002), the heteromorphic profile is an ordered triple of (c, a, d) where c is the number of contradictions, a is the number of ambiguities, and d is the number of differences. When c is zero, the scale is Proper. When a is also zero, the scale is Strictly Proper.

(4, 53, 126)

Common Triads

These are the common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that you can create from members of this scale.

* Pitches are shown with C as the root

Triad TypeTriad*Pitch ClassesDegreeEccentricityCloseness Centrality
Major TriadsC{0,4,7}431.5
F{5,9,0}242.1
A{9,1,4}341.9
Minor Triadscm{0,3,7}341.9
em{4,7,11}242.1
am{9,0,4}431.5
Augmented TriadsC♯+{1,5,9}252.5
D♯+{3,7,11}252.5
Diminished Triadsc♯°{1,4,7}231.9
{9,0,3}231.9
Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 2747. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 cm cm C C cm->C D#+ D#+ cm->D#+ cm->a° c#° c#° C->c#° em em C->em am am C->am A A c#°->A C#+ C#+ F F C#+->F C#+->A D#+->em F->am a°->am am->A

view full size

Above is a graph showing opportunities for parsimonious voice leading between triads*. Each line connects two triads that have two common tones, while the third tone changes by one generic scale step.

Diameter5
Radius3
Self-Centeredno
Central VerticesC, c♯°, a°, am
Peripheral VerticesC♯+, D♯+

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 2747 can be rotated to make 7 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 3421
Scale 3421: Aerothyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAerothyllic
3rd mode:
Scale 1879
Scale 1879: Mixoryllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryMixoryllic
4th mode:
Scale 2987
Scale 2987: Neapolitan Major and Minor Mixed, Ian Ring Music TheoryNeapolitan Major and Minor Mixed
5th mode:
Scale 3541
Scale 3541: Racryllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryRacryllic
6th mode:
Scale 1909
Scale 1909: Epicryllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryEpicryllic
7th mode:
Scale 1501
Scale 1501: Stygyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryStygyllic
8th mode:
Scale 1399
Scale 1399: Syryllic, Ian Ring Music TheorySyryllicThis is the prime mode

Prime

The prime form of this scale is Scale 1399

Scale 1399Scale 1399: Syryllic, Ian Ring Music TheorySyryllic

Complement

The octatonic modal family [2747, 3421, 1879, 2987, 3541, 1909, 1501, 1399] (Forte: 8-24) is the complement of the tetratonic modal family [277, 337, 1093, 1297] (Forte: 4-24)

Inverse

The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 2747 is 2987

Scale 2987Scale 2987: Neapolitan Major and Minor Mixed, Ian Ring Music TheoryNeapolitan Major and Minor Mixed

Transformations:

In the abbreviation, the subscript number after "T" is the number of semitones of tranposition, "M" means the pitch class is multiplied by 5, and "I" means the result is inverted. Operation is an identical way to express the same thing; the syntax is <a,b> where each tone of the set x is transformed by the equation y = ax + b

Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0 <1,0> 2747       T0I <11,0> 2987
T1 <1,1> 1399      T1I <11,1> 1879
T2 <1,2> 2798      T2I <11,2> 3758
T3 <1,3> 1501      T3I <11,3> 3421
T4 <1,4> 3002      T4I <11,4> 2747
T5 <1,5> 1909      T5I <11,5> 1399
T6 <1,6> 3818      T6I <11,6> 2798
T7 <1,7> 3541      T7I <11,7> 1501
T8 <1,8> 2987      T8I <11,8> 3002
T9 <1,9> 1879      T9I <11,9> 1909
T10 <1,10> 3758      T10I <11,10> 3818
T11 <1,11> 3421      T11I <11,11> 3541
Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0M <5,0> 2987      T0MI <7,0> 2747
T1M <5,1> 1879      T1MI <7,1> 1399
T2M <5,2> 3758      T2MI <7,2> 2798
T3M <5,3> 3421      T3MI <7,3> 1501
T4M <5,4> 2747       T4MI <7,4> 3002
T5M <5,5> 1399      T5MI <7,5> 1909
T6M <5,6> 2798      T6MI <7,6> 3818
T7M <5,7> 1501      T7MI <7,7> 3541
T8M <5,8> 3002      T8MI <7,8> 2987
T9M <5,9> 1909      T9MI <7,9> 1879
T10M <5,10> 3818      T10MI <7,10> 3758
T11M <5,11> 3541      T11MI <7,11> 3421

The transformations that map this set to itself are: T0, T4I, T4M, T0MI

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 2745Scale 2745: Mela Sulini, Ian Ring Music TheoryMela Sulini
Scale 2749Scale 2749: Katagyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKatagyllic
Scale 2751Scale 2751: Sylygic, Ian Ring Music TheorySylygic
Scale 2739Scale 2739: Mela Suryakanta, Ian Ring Music TheoryMela Suryakanta
Scale 2743Scale 2743: Staptyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryStaptyllic
Scale 2731Scale 2731: Neapolitan Major, Ian Ring Music TheoryNeapolitan Major
Scale 2715Scale 2715: Kynian, Ian Ring Music TheoryKynian
Scale 2779Scale 2779: Shostakovich, Ian Ring Music TheoryShostakovich
Scale 2811Scale 2811: Barygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryBarygic
Scale 2619Scale 2619: Ionyrian, Ian Ring Music TheoryIonyrian
Scale 2683Scale 2683: Thodyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryThodyllic
Scale 2875Scale 2875: Ganyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryGanyllic
Scale 3003Scale 3003: Genus Chromaticum, Ian Ring Music TheoryGenus Chromaticum
Scale 2235Scale 2235: Bathian, Ian Ring Music TheoryBathian
Scale 2491Scale 2491: Layllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryLayllic
Scale 3259Scale 3259: Ulian, Ian Ring Music TheoryUlian
Scale 3771Scale 3771: Stophygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryStophygic
Scale 699Scale 699: Aerothian, Ian Ring Music TheoryAerothian
Scale 1723Scale 1723: JG Octatonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryJG Octatonic

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. All other diagrams and visualizations are © Ian Ring. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler (http://allthescales.org) used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy, and George Howlett for assistance with the Carnatic ragas.