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Scale 1049: "GIDIAN"

Scale 1049: GIDIAN, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Analysis

Cardinality

Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

4 (tetratonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11

{0,3,4,10}

Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Alan Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.

4-Z15

Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.

none

Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.

none

Palindromicity

A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.

no

Chirality

A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

yes
enantiomorph: 773

Hemitonia

A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

1 (unhemitonic)

Cohemitonia

A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

0 (ancohemitonic)

Imperfections

An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.

3

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.

3

Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

no
prime: 83

Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.

no

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

[1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1]

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hansen.

pmnsdt

Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,2,3,6}
<2> = {4,5,7,8}
<3> = {6,9,10,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.

3.5

Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.

no

Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.

no

Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.

1.183

Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.

4.932

Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.

no

Balanced

A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.

no

Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.

none

Propriety

Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".

Improper

Common Triads

There are no common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that can be formed using notes in this scale.

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 1049 can be rotated to make 3 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 643
Scale 643: DUXIAN, Ian Ring Music TheoryDUXIAN
3rd mode:
Scale 2369
Scale 2369: OFFIAN, Ian Ring Music TheoryOFFIAN
4th mode:
Scale 101
Scale 101: All-Interval Tetrachord 3, Ian Ring Music TheoryAll-Interval Tetrachord 3

Prime

The prime form of this scale is Scale 83

Scale 83Scale 83: All-Interval Tetrachord 1, Ian Ring Music TheoryAll-Interval Tetrachord 1

Complement

The tetratonic modal family [1049, 643, 2369, 101] (Forte: 4-Z15) is the complement of the octatonic modal family [863, 1523, 1997, 2479, 2809, 3287, 3691, 3893] (Forte: 8-Z15)

Inverse

The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 1049 is 773

Scale 773Scale 773: ESUIAN, Ian Ring Music TheoryESUIAN

Enantiomorph

Only scales that are chiral will have an enantiomorph. Scale 1049 is chiral, and its enantiomorph is scale 773

Scale 773Scale 773: ESUIAN, Ian Ring Music TheoryESUIAN

Transformations:

T0 1049  T0I 773
T1 2098  T1I 1546
T2 101  T2I 3092
T3 202  T3I 2089
T4 404  T4I 83
T5 808  T5I 166
T6 1616  T6I 332
T7 3232  T7I 664
T8 2369  T8I 1328
T9 643  T9I 2656
T10 1286  T10I 1217
T11 2572  T11I 2434

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 1051Scale 1051: GIFIAN, Ian Ring Music TheoryGIFIAN
Scale 1053Scale 1053: GIGIAN, Ian Ring Music TheoryGIGIAN
Scale 1041Scale 1041: HITIAN, Ian Ring Music TheoryHITIAN
Scale 1045Scale 1045: GIBIAN, Ian Ring Music TheoryGIBIAN
Scale 1033Scale 1033: ALLIAN, Ian Ring Music TheoryALLIAN
Scale 1065Scale 1065: GONIAN, Ian Ring Music TheoryGONIAN
Scale 1081Scale 1081: GOXIAN, Ian Ring Music TheoryGOXIAN
Scale 1113Scale 1113: Locrian Pentatonic 2, Ian Ring Music TheoryLocrian Pentatonic 2
Scale 1177Scale 1177: Garitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryGaritonic
Scale 1305Scale 1305: Dynitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryDynitonic
Scale 1561Scale 1561: JOXIAN, Ian Ring Music TheoryJOXIAN
Scale 25Scale 25: ACKIAN, Ian Ring Music TheoryACKIAN
Scale 537Scale 537: ATUIAN, Ian Ring Music TheoryATUIAN
Scale 2073Scale 2073: MOYIAN, Ian Ring Music TheoryMOYIAN
Scale 3097Scale 3097: TIWIAN, Ian Ring Music TheoryTIWIAN

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. The software used to generate this analysis is an open source project at GitHub. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler (http://allthescales.org) used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy.