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Scale 3073: "Tritonic Chromatic Descending"

Scale 3073: Tritonic Chromatic Descending, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Common Names

Western Modern
Tritonic Chromatic Descending
Dozenal
Tehian

Analysis

Cardinality

Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

3 (tritonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11

{0,10,11}

Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Allen Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.

3-1

Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.

none

Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.

[5]

Palindromicity

A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.

no

Chirality

A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

no

Hemitonia

A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

2 (dihemitonic)

Cohemitonia

A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

1 (uncohemitonic)

Imperfections

An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.

3

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.

2

Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

no
prime: 7

Generator

Indicates if the scale can be constructed using a generator, and an origin.

generator: 1
origin: 10

Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.

no

Interval Structure

Defines the scale as the sequence of intervals between one tone and the next.

[10, 1, 1]

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

<2, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0>

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hanson.

sd2

Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,10}
<2> = {2,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.

6

Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.

no

Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.

no

Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.

0.067

Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.

2.035

Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.

yes

Balanced

A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.

no

Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.

[10]

Propriety

Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".

Improper

Heteromorphic Profile

Defined by Norman Carey (2002), the heteromorphic profile is an ordered triple of (c, a, d) where c is the number of contradictions, a is the number of ambiguities, and d is the number of differences. When c is zero, the scale is Proper. When a is also zero, the scale is Strictly Proper.

(1, 0, 4)

Generator

This scale has a generator of 1, originating on 10.

Common Triads

There are no common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that can be formed using notes in this scale.

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 3073 can be rotated to make 2 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 7
Scale 7: Tritonic Chromatic, Ian Ring Music TheoryTritonic ChromaticThis is the prime mode
3rd mode:
Scale 2051
Scale 2051: Tritonic Chromatic 2, Ian Ring Music TheoryTritonic Chromatic 2

Prime

The prime form of this scale is Scale 7

Scale 7Scale 7: Tritonic Chromatic, Ian Ring Music TheoryTritonic Chromatic

Complement

The tritonic modal family [3073, 7, 2051] (Forte: 3-1) is the complement of the enneatonic modal family [511, 2303, 3199, 3647, 3871, 3983, 4039, 4067, 4081] (Forte: 9-1)

Inverse

The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 3073 is 7

Scale 7Scale 7: Tritonic Chromatic, Ian Ring Music TheoryTritonic Chromatic

Transformations:

In the abbreviation, the subscript number after "T" is the number of semitones of tranposition, "M" means the pitch class is multiplied by 5, and "I" means the result is inverted. Operation is an identical way to express the same thing; the syntax is <a,b> where each tone of the set x is transformed by the equation y = ax + b

Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0 <1,0> 3073       T0I <11,0> 7
T1 <1,1> 2051      T1I <11,1> 14
T2 <1,2> 7      T2I <11,2> 28
T3 <1,3> 14      T3I <11,3> 56
T4 <1,4> 28      T4I <11,4> 112
T5 <1,5> 56      T5I <11,5> 224
T6 <1,6> 112      T6I <11,6> 448
T7 <1,7> 224      T7I <11,7> 896
T8 <1,8> 448      T8I <11,8> 1792
T9 <1,9> 896      T9I <11,9> 3584
T10 <1,10> 1792      T10I <11,10> 3073
T11 <1,11> 3584      T11I <11,11> 2051
Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0M <5,0> 133      T0MI <7,0> 1057
T1M <5,1> 266      T1MI <7,1> 2114
T2M <5,2> 532      T2MI <7,2> 133
T3M <5,3> 1064      T3MI <7,3> 266
T4M <5,4> 2128      T4MI <7,4> 532
T5M <5,5> 161      T5MI <7,5> 1064
T6M <5,6> 322      T6MI <7,6> 2128
T7M <5,7> 644      T7MI <7,7> 161
T8M <5,8> 1288      T8MI <7,8> 322
T9M <5,9> 2576      T9MI <7,9> 644
T10M <5,10> 1057      T10MI <7,10> 1288
T11M <5,11> 2114      T11MI <7,11> 2576

The transformations that map this set to itself are: T0, T10I

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 3075Scale 3075: Tetratonic Chromatic 3, Ian Ring Music TheoryTetratonic Chromatic 3
Scale 3077Scale 3077: Tekian, Ian Ring Music TheoryTekian
Scale 3081Scale 3081: Temian, Ian Ring Music TheoryTemian
Scale 3089Scale 3089: Tirian, Ian Ring Music TheoryTirian
Scale 3105Scale 3105: Tibian, Ian Ring Music TheoryTibian
Scale 3137Scale 3137, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 3201Scale 3201: Urtian, Ian Ring Music TheoryUrtian
Scale 3329Scale 3329: Uyoian, Ian Ring Music TheoryUyoian
Scale 3585Scale 3585: Tetratonic Chromatic Descending, Ian Ring Music TheoryTetratonic Chromatic Descending
Scale 2049Scale 2049: Major Seventh Ditone, Ian Ring Music TheoryMajor Seventh Ditone
Scale 2561Scale 2561: Podian, Ian Ring Music TheoryPodian
Scale 1025Scale 1025: Warao Ditonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryWarao Ditonic

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. All other diagrams and visualizations are © Ian Ring. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler (http://allthescales.org) used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy, and George Howlett for assistance with the Carnatic ragas.