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Scale 335: "Zanimic"

Scale 335: Zanimic, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Common Names

Zeitler
Zanimic
Dozenal
Caqian

Analysis

Cardinality

Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

6 (hexatonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11

{0,1,2,3,6,8}

Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Allen Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.

6-Z41

Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.

none

Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.

none

Palindromicity

A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.

no

Chirality

A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

yes
enantiomorph: 3665

Hemitonia

A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

3 (trihemitonic)

Cohemitonia

A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

2 (dicohemitonic)

Imperfections

An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.

3

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.

5

Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

yes

Generator

Indicates if the scale can be constructed using a generator, and an origin.

none

Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.

no

Interval Structure

Defines the scale as the sequence of intervals between one tone and the next.

[1, 1, 1, 3, 2, 4]

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

<3, 3, 2, 2, 3, 2>

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hanson.

p3m2n2s3d3t2

Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,2,3,4}
<2> = {2,4,5,6}
<3> = {3,5,6,7,9}
<4> = {6,7,8,10}
<5> = {8,9,10,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.

3.333

Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.

no

Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.

no

Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.

2.116

Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.

5.699

Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.

no

Balanced

A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.

no

Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.

none

Propriety

Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".

Improper

Heteromorphic Profile

Defined by Norman Carey (2002), the heteromorphic profile is an ordered triple of (c, a, d) where c is the number of contradictions, a is the number of ambiguities, and d is the number of differences. When c is zero, the scale is Proper. When a is also zero, the scale is Strictly Proper.

(20, 17, 64)

Common Triads

These are the common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that you can create from members of this scale.

* Pitches are shown with C as the root

Triad TypeTriad*Pitch ClassesDegreeEccentricityCloseness Centrality
Major TriadsG♯{8,0,3}110.5
Diminished Triads{0,3,6}110.5

The following pitch classes are not present in any of the common triads: {1,2}

Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 335. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 G# G# c°->G#

Above is a graph showing opportunities for parsimonious voice leading between triads*. Each line connects two triads that have two common tones, while the third tone changes by one generic scale step.

Diameter1
Radius1
Self-Centeredyes

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 335 can be rotated to make 5 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 2215
Scale 2215: Ranimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryRanimic
3rd mode:
Scale 3155
Scale 3155: Ladimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryLadimic
4th mode:
Scale 3625
Scale 3625: Podimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPodimic
5th mode:
Scale 965
Scale 965: Ionothimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryIonothimic
6th mode:
Scale 1265
Scale 1265: Pynimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPynimic

Prime

This is the prime form of this scale.

Complement

The hexatonic modal family [335, 2215, 3155, 3625, 965, 1265] (Forte: 6-Z41) is the complement of the hexatonic modal family [215, 1475, 1805, 2155, 2785, 3125] (Forte: 6-Z12)

Inverse

The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 335 is 3665

Scale 3665Scale 3665: Stalimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryStalimic

Enantiomorph

Only scales that are chiral will have an enantiomorph. Scale 335 is chiral, and its enantiomorph is scale 3665

Scale 3665Scale 3665: Stalimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryStalimic

Transformations:

In the abbreviation, the subscript number after "T" is the number of semitones of tranposition, "M" means the pitch class is multiplied by 5, and "I" means the result is inverted. Operation is an identical way to express the same thing; the syntax is <a,b> where each tone of the set x is transformed by the equation y = ax + b

Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0 <1,0> 335       T0I <11,0> 3665
T1 <1,1> 670      T1I <11,1> 3235
T2 <1,2> 1340      T2I <11,2> 2375
T3 <1,3> 2680      T3I <11,3> 655
T4 <1,4> 1265      T4I <11,4> 1310
T5 <1,5> 2530      T5I <11,5> 2620
T6 <1,6> 965      T6I <11,6> 1145
T7 <1,7> 1930      T7I <11,7> 2290
T8 <1,8> 3860      T8I <11,8> 485
T9 <1,9> 3625      T9I <11,9> 970
T10 <1,10> 3155      T10I <11,10> 1940
T11 <1,11> 2215      T11I <11,11> 3880
Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0M <5,0> 1145      T0MI <7,0> 965
T1M <5,1> 2290      T1MI <7,1> 1930
T2M <5,2> 485      T2MI <7,2> 3860
T3M <5,3> 970      T3MI <7,3> 3625
T4M <5,4> 1940      T4MI <7,4> 3155
T5M <5,5> 3880      T5MI <7,5> 2215
T6M <5,6> 3665      T6MI <7,6> 335
T7M <5,7> 3235      T7MI <7,7> 670
T8M <5,8> 2375      T8MI <7,8> 1340
T9M <5,9> 655      T9MI <7,9> 2680
T10M <5,10> 1310      T10MI <7,10> 1265
T11M <5,11> 2620      T11MI <7,11> 2530

The transformations that map this set to itself are: T0, T6MI

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 333Scale 333: Bogitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryBogitonic
Scale 331Scale 331: Raga Chhaya Todi, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Chhaya Todi
Scale 327Scale 327: Syptitonic, Ian Ring Music TheorySyptitonic
Scale 343Scale 343: Ionorimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryIonorimic
Scale 351Scale 351: Epanian, Ian Ring Music TheoryEpanian
Scale 367Scale 367: Aerodian, Ian Ring Music TheoryAerodian
Scale 271Scale 271: Bodian, Ian Ring Music TheoryBodian
Scale 303Scale 303: Golimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryGolimic
Scale 399Scale 399: Zynimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZynimic
Scale 463Scale 463: Zythian, Ian Ring Music TheoryZythian
Scale 79Scale 79: Appian, Ian Ring Music TheoryAppian
Scale 207Scale 207: Beqian, Ian Ring Music TheoryBeqian
Scale 591Scale 591: Gaptimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryGaptimic
Scale 847Scale 847: Ganian, Ian Ring Music TheoryGanian
Scale 1359Scale 1359: Aerygian, Ian Ring Music TheoryAerygian
Scale 2383Scale 2383: Katorian, Ian Ring Music TheoryKatorian

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. All other diagrams and visualizations are © Ian Ring. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler (http://allthescales.org) used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy, and George Howlett for assistance with the Carnatic ragas.