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Scale 705: "Edrian"

Scale 705: Edrian, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Common Names




Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

4 (tetratonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11


Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Allen Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.


Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.


Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.



A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.



A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

enantiomorph: 105


A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

1 (unhemitonic)


A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

0 (ancohemitonic)


An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.



Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.


Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

prime: 75


Indicates if the scale can be constructed using a generator, and an origin.


Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.


Interval Structure

Defines the scale as the sequence of intervals between one tone and the next.

[6, 1, 2, 3]

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

<1, 1, 2, 0, 1, 1>

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hanson.


Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,2,3,6}
<2> = {3,5,7,9}
<3> = {6,9,10,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.


Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.


Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.


Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.


Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.


Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.



A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.


Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.



Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".


Heteromorphic Profile

Defined by Norman Carey (2002), the heteromorphic profile is an ordered triple of (c, a, d) where c is the number of contradictions, a is the number of ambiguities, and d is the number of differences. When c is zero, the scale is Proper. When a is also zero, the scale is Strictly Proper.

(4, 3, 18)

Common Triads

These are the common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that you can create from members of this scale.

* Pitches are shown with C as the root

Triad TypeTriad*Pitch ClassesDegreeEccentricityCloseness Centrality
Diminished Triadsf♯°{6,9,0}000

The following pitch classes are not present in any of the common triads: {7}

Since there is only one common triad in this scale, there are no opportunities for parsimonious voice leading between triads.


Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 705 can be rotated to make 3 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 75
Scale 75: Iloian, Ian Ring Music TheoryIloianThis is the prime mode
3rd mode:
Scale 2085
Scale 2085: Mogian, Ian Ring Music TheoryMogian
4th mode:
Scale 1545
Scale 1545: Jonian, Ian Ring Music TheoryJonian


The prime form of this scale is Scale 75

Scale 75Scale 75: Iloian, Ian Ring Music TheoryIloian


The tetratonic modal family [705, 75, 2085, 1545] (Forte: 4-13) is the complement of the octatonic modal family [735, 1785, 1995, 2415, 3045, 3255, 3675, 3885] (Forte: 8-13)


The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 705 is 105

Scale 105Scale 105, Ian Ring Music Theory


Only scales that are chiral will have an enantiomorph. Scale 705 is chiral, and its enantiomorph is scale 105

Scale 105Scale 105, Ian Ring Music Theory


In the abbreviation, the subscript number after "T" is the number of semitones of tranposition, "M" means the pitch class is multiplied by 5, and "I" means the result is inverted. Operation is an identical way to express the same thing; the syntax is <a,b> where each tone of the set x is transformed by the equation y = ax + b

Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0 <1,0> 705       T0I <11,0> 105
T1 <1,1> 1410      T1I <11,1> 210
T2 <1,2> 2820      T2I <11,2> 420
T3 <1,3> 1545      T3I <11,3> 840
T4 <1,4> 3090      T4I <11,4> 1680
T5 <1,5> 2085      T5I <11,5> 3360
T6 <1,6> 75      T6I <11,6> 2625
T7 <1,7> 150      T7I <11,7> 1155
T8 <1,8> 300      T8I <11,8> 2310
T9 <1,9> 600      T9I <11,9> 525
T10 <1,10> 1200      T10I <11,10> 1050
T11 <1,11> 2400      T11I <11,11> 2100
Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0M <5,0> 2625      T0MI <7,0> 75
T1M <5,1> 1155      T1MI <7,1> 150
T2M <5,2> 2310      T2MI <7,2> 300
T3M <5,3> 525      T3MI <7,3> 600
T4M <5,4> 1050      T4MI <7,4> 1200
T5M <5,5> 2100      T5MI <7,5> 2400
T6M <5,6> 105      T6MI <7,6> 705
T7M <5,7> 210      T7MI <7,7> 1410
T8M <5,8> 420      T8MI <7,8> 2820
T9M <5,9> 840      T9MI <7,9> 1545
T10M <5,10> 1680      T10MI <7,10> 3090
T11M <5,11> 3360      T11MI <7,11> 2085

The transformations that map this set to itself are: T0, T6MI

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 707Scale 707: Ehoian, Ian Ring Music TheoryEhoian
Scale 709Scale 709: Raga Shri Kalyan, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Shri Kalyan
Scale 713Scale 713: Thoptitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryThoptitonic
Scale 721Scale 721: Raga Dhavalashri, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Dhavalashri
Scale 737Scale 737: Truian, Ian Ring Music TheoryTruian
Scale 641Scale 641: Duwian, Ian Ring Music TheoryDuwian
Scale 673Scale 673: Estian, Ian Ring Music TheoryEstian
Scale 577Scale 577: Illian, Ian Ring Music TheoryIllian
Scale 833Scale 833: Febian, Ian Ring Music TheoryFebian
Scale 961Scale 961: Gabian, Ian Ring Music TheoryGabian
Scale 193Scale 193: Raga Ongkari, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Ongkari
Scale 449Scale 449: Cujian, Ian Ring Music TheoryCujian
Scale 1217Scale 1217: Hician, Ian Ring Music TheoryHician
Scale 1729Scale 1729: Kowian, Ian Ring Music TheoryKowian
Scale 2753Scale 2753: Ritian, Ian Ring Music TheoryRitian

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. All other diagrams and visualizations are © Ian Ring. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler ( used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy, and George Howlett for assistance with the Carnatic ragas.