The Exciting Universe Of Music Theory

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Scale 277: "Mixolyric"

Scale 277: Mixolyric, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Common Names



Cardinality4 (tetratonic)
Pitch Class Set{0,2,4,8}
Forte Number4-24
Rotational Symmetrynone
Reflection Axes2
Hemitonia0 (anhemitonic)
Cohemitonia0 (ancohemitonic)
Deep Scaleno
Interval Vector020301
Interval Spectrumm3s2t
Distribution Spectra<1> = {2,4}
<2> = {4,6,8}
<3> = {8,10}
Spectra Variation2
Maximally Evenno
Maximal Area Setno
Interior Area1.732
Myhill Propertyno
Ridge Tones[4]

Common Triads

These are the common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that you can create from members of this scale.

* Pitches are shown with C as the root

Triad TypeTriad*Pitch ClassesDegreeEccentricityCloseness Centrality
Augmented TriadsC+{0,4,8}000

Since there is only one common triad in this scale, there are no opportunities for parsimonious voice leading between triads.


Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 277 can be rotated to make 3 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 1093
Scale 1093: Lydic, Ian Ring Music TheoryLydic
3rd mode:
Scale 1297
Scale 1297: Aeolic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeolic
4th mode:
Scale 337
Scale 337: Koptic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKoptic


This is the prime form of this scale.


The tetratonic modal family [277, 1093, 1297, 337] (Forte: 4-24) is the complement of the octatonic modal family [1399, 1501, 1879, 1909, 2747, 2987, 3421, 3541] (Forte: 8-24)


The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 277 is 1297

Scale 1297Scale 1297: Aeolic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeolic


T0 277  T0I 1297
T1 554  T1I 2594
T2 1108  T2I 1093
T3 2216  T3I 2186
T4 337  T4I 277
T5 674  T5I 554
T6 1348  T6I 1108
T7 2696  T7I 2216
T8 1297  T8I 337
T9 2594  T9I 674
T10 1093  T10I 1348
T11 2186  T11I 2696

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 279Scale 279: Poditonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPoditonic
Scale 273Scale 273: Augmented Triad, Ian Ring Music TheoryAugmented Triad
Scale 275Scale 275: Dalic, Ian Ring Music TheoryDalic
Scale 281Scale 281: Lanic, Ian Ring Music TheoryLanic
Scale 285Scale 285: Zaritonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZaritonic
Scale 261Scale 261, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 269Scale 269, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 293Scale 293: Raga Haripriya, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Haripriya
Scale 309Scale 309: Palitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPalitonic
Scale 341Scale 341: Bothitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryBothitonic
Scale 405Scale 405: Raga Bhupeshwari, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Bhupeshwari
Scale 21Scale 21, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 149Scale 149: Eskimo Tetratonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryEskimo Tetratonic
Scale 533Scale 533, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 789Scale 789: Zogitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZogitonic
Scale 1301Scale 1301: Koditonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKoditonic
Scale 2325Scale 2325: Pynitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPynitonic

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. The software used to generate this analysis is an open source project at GitHub. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler ( used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy.