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Scale 3731: "Aeryrian"

Scale 3731: Aeryrian, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Common Names

Zeitler
Aeryrian
Dozenal
Xomian

Analysis

Cardinality

Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

7 (heptatonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11

{0,1,4,7,9,10,11}

Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Allen Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.

7-10

Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.

none

Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.

none

Palindromicity

A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.

no

Chirality

A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

yes
enantiomorph: 2351

Hemitonia

A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

4 (multihemitonic)

Cohemitonia

A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

3 (tricohemitonic)

Imperfections

An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.

4

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.

6

Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

no
prime: 607

Generator

Indicates if the scale can be constructed using a generator, and an origin.

none

Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.

no

Interval Structure

Defines the scale as the sequence of intervals between one tone and the next.

[1, 3, 3, 2, 1, 1, 1]

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

<4, 4, 5, 3, 3, 2>

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hanson.

p3m3n5s4d4t2

Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,2,3}
<2> = {2,3,4,5,6}
<3> = {3,4,5,6,7,8}
<4> = {4,5,6,7,8,9}
<5> = {6,7,8,9,10}
<6> = {9,10,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.

3.143

Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.

no

Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.

no

Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.

2.433

Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.

5.899

Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.

no

Balanced

A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.

no

Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.

none

Propriety

Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".

Improper

Heteromorphic Profile

Defined by Norman Carey (2002), the heteromorphic profile is an ordered triple of (c, a, d) where c is the number of contradictions, a is the number of ambiguities, and d is the number of differences. When c is zero, the scale is Proper. When a is also zero, the scale is Strictly Proper.

(46, 40, 104)

Tertian Harmonic Chords

Tertian chords are made from alternating members of the scale, ie built from "stacked thirds". Not all scales lend themselves well to tertian harmony.

Common Triads

These are the common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that you can create from members of this scale.

* Pitches are shown with C as the root

Triad TypeTriad*Pitch ClassesDegreeEccentricityCloseness Centrality
Major TriadsC{0,4,7}331.63
A{9,1,4}331.63
Minor Triadsem{4,7,11}231.75
am{9,0,4}231.75
Diminished Triadsc♯°{1,4,7}231.75
{4,7,10}231.88
{7,10,1}231.88
a♯°{10,1,4}231.75
Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 3731. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 C C c#° c#° C->c#° em em C->em am am C->am A A c#°->A e°->em e°->g° a#° a#° g°->a#° am->A A->a#°

view full size

Above is a graph showing opportunities for parsimonious voice leading between triads*. Each line connects two triads that have two common tones, while the third tone changes by one generic scale step.

Diameter3
Radius3
Self-Centeredyes

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 3731 can be rotated to make 6 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 3913
Scale 3913: Bonian, Ian Ring Music TheoryBonian
3rd mode:
Scale 1001
Scale 1001: Badian, Ian Ring Music TheoryBadian
4th mode:
Scale 637
Scale 637: Debussy's Heptatonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryDebussy's Heptatonic
5th mode:
Scale 1183
Scale 1183: Sadian, Ian Ring Music TheorySadian
6th mode:
Scale 2639
Scale 2639: Dothian, Ian Ring Music TheoryDothian
7th mode:
Scale 3367
Scale 3367: Moptian, Ian Ring Music TheoryMoptian

Prime

The prime form of this scale is Scale 607

Scale 607Scale 607: Kadian, Ian Ring Music TheoryKadian

Complement

The heptatonic modal family [3731, 3913, 1001, 637, 1183, 2639, 3367] (Forte: 7-10) is the complement of the pentatonic modal family [91, 1547, 1729, 2093, 2821] (Forte: 5-10)

Inverse

The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 3731 is 2351

Scale 2351Scale 2351: Gynian, Ian Ring Music TheoryGynian

Enantiomorph

Only scales that are chiral will have an enantiomorph. Scale 3731 is chiral, and its enantiomorph is scale 2351

Scale 2351Scale 2351: Gynian, Ian Ring Music TheoryGynian

Transformations:

In the abbreviation, the subscript number after "T" is the number of semitones of tranposition, "M" means the pitch class is multiplied by 5, and "I" means the result is inverted. Operation is an identical way to express the same thing; the syntax is <a,b> where each tone of the set x is transformed by the equation y = ax + b

Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0 <1,0> 3731       T0I <11,0> 2351
T1 <1,1> 3367      T1I <11,1> 607
T2 <1,2> 2639      T2I <11,2> 1214
T3 <1,3> 1183      T3I <11,3> 2428
T4 <1,4> 2366      T4I <11,4> 761
T5 <1,5> 637      T5I <11,5> 1522
T6 <1,6> 1274      T6I <11,6> 3044
T7 <1,7> 2548      T7I <11,7> 1993
T8 <1,8> 1001      T8I <11,8> 3986
T9 <1,9> 2002      T9I <11,9> 3877
T10 <1,10> 4004      T10I <11,10> 3659
T11 <1,11> 3913      T11I <11,11> 3223
Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0M <5,0> 2981      T0MI <7,0> 1211
T1M <5,1> 1867      T1MI <7,1> 2422
T2M <5,2> 3734      T2MI <7,2> 749
T3M <5,3> 3373      T3MI <7,3> 1498
T4M <5,4> 2651      T4MI <7,4> 2996
T5M <5,5> 1207      T5MI <7,5> 1897
T6M <5,6> 2414      T6MI <7,6> 3794
T7M <5,7> 733      T7MI <7,7> 3493
T8M <5,8> 1466      T8MI <7,8> 2891
T9M <5,9> 2932      T9MI <7,9> 1687
T10M <5,10> 1769      T10MI <7,10> 3374
T11M <5,11> 3538      T11MI <7,11> 2653

The transformations that map this set to itself are: T0

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 3729Scale 3729: Starimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryStarimic
Scale 3733Scale 3733: Gycrian, Ian Ring Music TheoryGycrian
Scale 3735Scale 3735: Xupian, Ian Ring Music TheoryXupian
Scale 3739Scale 3739: Epanyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryEpanyllic
Scale 3715Scale 3715: Xician, Ian Ring Music TheoryXician
Scale 3723Scale 3723: Myptian, Ian Ring Music TheoryMyptian
Scale 3747Scale 3747: Myrian, Ian Ring Music TheoryMyrian
Scale 3763Scale 3763: Modyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryModyllic
Scale 3795Scale 3795: Epothyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryEpothyllic
Scale 3603Scale 3603: Womian, Ian Ring Music TheoryWomian
Scale 3667Scale 3667: Kaptian, Ian Ring Music TheoryKaptian
Scale 3859Scale 3859: Aeolarian, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeolarian
Scale 3987Scale 3987: Loryllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryLoryllic
Scale 3219Scale 3219: Ionaphimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryIonaphimic
Scale 3475Scale 3475: Kylian, Ian Ring Music TheoryKylian
Scale 2707Scale 2707: Banimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryBanimic
Scale 1683Scale 1683: Raga Malayamarutam, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Malayamarutam

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. All other diagrams and visualizations are © Ian Ring. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler (http://allthescales.org) used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy, and George Howlett for assistance with the Carnatic ragas.