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Scale 573: "Saptimic"

Scale 573: Saptimic, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

41161837294116105072918310504116183
Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Common Names

Zeitler
Saptimic

Analysis

Cardinality

Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

6 (hexatonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11

{0,2,3,4,5,9}

Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Alan Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.

6-Z40

Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.

none

Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.

none

Palindromicity

A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.

no

Chirality

A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

yes
enantiomorph: 1929

Hemitonia

A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

3 (trihemitonic)

Cohemitonia

A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

2 (dicohemitonic)

Imperfections

An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.

3

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.

5

Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

no
prime: 303

Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.

no

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

[3, 3, 3, 2, 3, 1]

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hansen.

p3m2n3s3d3t

Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,2,3,4}
<2> = {2,3,5,7}
<3> = {3,4,6,8,9}
<4> = {5,7,9,10}
<5> = {8,9,10,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.

3.667

Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.

no

Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.

no

Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.

2.116

Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.

5.699

Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.

no

Balanced

A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.

no

Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.

none

Propriety

Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".

Improper

Common Triads

These are the common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that you can create from members of this scale.

* Pitches are shown with C as the root

Triad TypeTriad*Pitch ClassesDegreeEccentricityCloseness Centrality
Major TriadsF{5,9,0}221
Minor Triadsdm{2,5,9}131.5
am{9,0,4}221
Diminished Triads{9,0,3}131.5
Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 573. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 dm dm F F dm->F am am F->am a°->am

Above is a graph showing opportunities for parsimonious voice leading between triads*. Each line connects two triads that have two common tones, while the third tone changes by one generic scale step.

Diameter3
Radius2
Self-Centeredno
Central VerticesF, am
Peripheral Verticesdm, a°

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 573 can be rotated to make 5 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 1167
Scale 1167: Aerodimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAerodimic
3rd mode:
Scale 2631
Scale 2631: Macrimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryMacrimic
4th mode:
Scale 3363
Scale 3363: Rogimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryRogimic
5th mode:
Scale 3729
Scale 3729: Starimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryStarimic
6th mode:
Scale 489
Scale 489: Phrathimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhrathimic

Prime

The prime form of this scale is Scale 303

Scale 303Scale 303: Golimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryGolimic

Complement

The hexatonic modal family [573, 1167, 2631, 3363, 3729, 489] (Forte: 6-Z40) is the complement of the hexatonic modal family [183, 1761, 1803, 2139, 2949, 3117] (Forte: 6-Z11)

Inverse

The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 573 is 1929

Scale 1929Scale 1929: Aeolycrimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeolycrimic

Enantiomorph

Only scales that are chiral will have an enantiomorph. Scale 573 is chiral, and its enantiomorph is scale 1929

Scale 1929Scale 1929: Aeolycrimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeolycrimic

Transformations:

T0 573  T0I 1929
T1 1146  T1I 3858
T2 2292  T2I 3621
T3 489  T3I 3147
T4 978  T4I 2199
T5 1956  T5I 303
T6 3912  T6I 606
T7 3729  T7I 1212
T8 3363  T8I 2424
T9 2631  T9I 753
T10 1167  T10I 1506
T11 2334  T11I 3012

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 575Scale 575: Ionydian, Ian Ring Music TheoryIonydian
Scale 569Scale 569: Mothitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryMothitonic
Scale 571Scale 571: Kynimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKynimic
Scale 565Scale 565: Aeolyphritonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeolyphritonic
Scale 557Scale 557: Raga Abhogi, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Abhogi
Scale 541Scale 541, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 605Scale 605: Dycrimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryDycrimic
Scale 637Scale 637: Debussy's Heptatonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryDebussy's Heptatonic
Scale 701Scale 701: Mixonyphian, Ian Ring Music TheoryMixonyphian
Scale 829Scale 829: Lygian, Ian Ring Music TheoryLygian
Scale 61Scale 61, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 317Scale 317: Korimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKorimic
Scale 1085Scale 1085, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 1597Scale 1597: Aeolodian, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeolodian
Scale 2621Scale 2621: Ionogian, Ian Ring Music TheoryIonogian

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. The software used to generate this analysis is an open source project at GitHub. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler (http://allthescales.org) used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy.