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Scale 1329: "Epygitonic"

Scale 1329: Epygitonic, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Common Names

Zeitler
Epygitonic
Dozenal
Iduian

Analysis

Cardinality

Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

5 (pentatonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11

{0,4,5,8,10}

Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Allen Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.

5-30

Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.

none

Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.

none

Palindromicity

A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.

no

Chirality

A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

yes
enantiomorph: 405

Hemitonia

A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

1 (unhemitonic)

Cohemitonia

A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

0 (ancohemitonic)

Imperfections

An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.

3

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.

4

Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

no
prime: 339

Generator

Indicates if the scale can be constructed using a generator, and an origin.

none

Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.

no

Interval Structure

Defines the scale as the sequence of intervals between one tone and the next.

[4, 1, 3, 2, 2]

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

<1, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1>

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hanson.

p2m3ns2dt

Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,2,3,4}
<2> = {4,5,6}
<3> = {6,7,8}
<4> = {8,9,10,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.

2

Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.

no

Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.

no

Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.

2.049

Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.

5.664

Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.

no

Balanced

A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.

no

Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.

none

Propriety

Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".

Proper

Heteromorphic Profile

Defined by Norman Carey (2002), the heteromorphic profile is an ordered triple of (c, a, d) where c is the number of contradictions, a is the number of ambiguities, and d is the number of differences. When c is zero, the scale is Proper. When a is also zero, the scale is Strictly Proper.

(0, 5, 34)

Common Triads

These are the common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that you can create from members of this scale.

* Pitches are shown with C as the root

Triad TypeTriad*Pitch ClassesDegreeEccentricityCloseness Centrality
Minor Triadsfm{5,8,0}110.5
Augmented TriadsC+{0,4,8}110.5

The following pitch classes are not present in any of the common triads: {10}

Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 1329. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 C+ C+ fm fm C+->fm

Above is a graph showing opportunities for parsimonious voice leading between triads*. Each line connects two triads that have two common tones, while the third tone changes by one generic scale step.

Diameter1
Radius1
Self-Centeredyes

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 1329 can be rotated to make 4 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 339
Scale 339: Zaptitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZaptitonicThis is the prime mode
3rd mode:
Scale 2217
Scale 2217: Kagitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKagitonic
4th mode:
Scale 789
Scale 789: Zogitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZogitonic
5th mode:
Scale 1221
Scale 1221: Epyritonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryEpyritonic

Prime

The prime form of this scale is Scale 339

Scale 339Scale 339: Zaptitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZaptitonic

Complement

The pentatonic modal family [1329, 339, 2217, 789, 1221] (Forte: 5-30) is the complement of the heptatonic modal family [855, 1395, 1485, 1845, 2475, 2745, 3285] (Forte: 7-30)

Inverse

The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 1329 is 405

Scale 405Scale 405: Raga Bhupeshwari, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Bhupeshwari

Enantiomorph

Only scales that are chiral will have an enantiomorph. Scale 1329 is chiral, and its enantiomorph is scale 405

Scale 405Scale 405: Raga Bhupeshwari, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Bhupeshwari

Transformations:

In the abbreviation, the subscript number after "T" is the number of semitones of tranposition, "M" means the pitch class is multiplied by 5, and "I" means the result is inverted. Operation is an identical way to express the same thing; the syntax is <a,b> where each tone of the set x is transformed by the equation y = ax + b

Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0 <1,0> 1329       T0I <11,0> 405
T1 <1,1> 2658      T1I <11,1> 810
T2 <1,2> 1221      T2I <11,2> 1620
T3 <1,3> 2442      T3I <11,3> 3240
T4 <1,4> 789      T4I <11,4> 2385
T5 <1,5> 1578      T5I <11,5> 675
T6 <1,6> 3156      T6I <11,6> 1350
T7 <1,7> 2217      T7I <11,7> 2700
T8 <1,8> 339      T8I <11,8> 1305
T9 <1,9> 678      T9I <11,9> 2610
T10 <1,10> 1356      T10I <11,10> 1125
T11 <1,11> 2712      T11I <11,11> 2250
Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0M <5,0> 279      T0MI <7,0> 3345
T1M <5,1> 558      T1MI <7,1> 2595
T2M <5,2> 1116      T2MI <7,2> 1095
T3M <5,3> 2232      T3MI <7,3> 2190
T4M <5,4> 369      T4MI <7,4> 285
T5M <5,5> 738      T5MI <7,5> 570
T6M <5,6> 1476      T6MI <7,6> 1140
T7M <5,7> 2952      T7MI <7,7> 2280
T8M <5,8> 1809      T8MI <7,8> 465
T9M <5,9> 3618      T9MI <7,9> 930
T10M <5,10> 3141      T10MI <7,10> 1860
T11M <5,11> 2187      T11MI <7,11> 3720

The transformations that map this set to itself are: T0

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 1331Scale 1331: Raga Vasantabhairavi, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Vasantabhairavi
Scale 1333Scale 1333: Lyptimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryLyptimic
Scale 1337Scale 1337: Epogimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryEpogimic
Scale 1313Scale 1313: Iplian, Ian Ring Music TheoryIplian
Scale 1321Scale 1321: Blues Minor, Ian Ring Music TheoryBlues Minor
Scale 1297Scale 1297: Aeolic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeolic
Scale 1361Scale 1361: Bolitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryBolitonic
Scale 1393Scale 1393: Mycrimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryMycrimic
Scale 1457Scale 1457: Raga Kamalamanohari, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Kamalamanohari
Scale 1073Scale 1073: Gosian, Ian Ring Music TheoryGosian
Scale 1201Scale 1201: Mixolydian Pentatonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryMixolydian Pentatonic
Scale 1585Scale 1585: Raga Khamaji Durga, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Khamaji Durga
Scale 1841Scale 1841: Thogimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryThogimic
Scale 305Scale 305: Gonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryGonic
Scale 817Scale 817: Zothitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZothitonic
Scale 2353Scale 2353: Raga Girija, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Girija
Scale 3377Scale 3377: Phralimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhralimic

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. All other diagrams and visualizations are © Ian Ring. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler (http://allthescales.org) used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy, and George Howlett for assistance with the Carnatic ragas.