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Scale 247

Scale 247, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

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Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Analysis

Cardinality

Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

7 (heptatonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11

{0,1,2,4,5,6,7}

Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Alan Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.

7-5

Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.

none

Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.

none

Palindromicity

A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.

no

Chirality

A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

yes
enantiomorph: 3553

Hemitonia

A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

5 (multihemitonic)

Cohemitonia

A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

3 (tricohemitonic)

Imperfections

An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.

3

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.

6

Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

no
prime: 239

Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.

no

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

[5, 4, 3, 3, 4, 2]

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hansen.

p4m3n3s4d5t2

Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,2,5}
<2> = {2,3,6}
<3> = {3,4,7}
<4> = {5,8,9}
<5> = {6,9,10}
<6> = {7,10,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.

3.429

Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.

no

Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.

no

Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.

1.933

Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.

5.52

Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.

no

Balanced

A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.

no

Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.

none

Propriety

Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".

Improper

Common Triads

These are the common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that you can create from members of this scale.

* Pitches are shown with C as the root

Triad TypeTriad*Pitch ClassesDegreeEccentricityCloseness Centrality
Major TriadsC{0,4,7}110.5
Diminished Triadsc♯°{1,4,7}110.5

The following pitch classes are not present in any of the common triads: {2,5,6}

Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 247. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 C C c#° c#° C->c#°

Above is a graph showing opportunities for parsimonious voice leading between triads*. Each line connects two triads that have two common tones, while the third tone changes by one generic scale step.

Diameter1
Radius1
Self-Centeredyes

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 247 can be rotated to make 6 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 2171
Scale 2171, Ian Ring Music Theory
3rd mode:
Scale 3133
Scale 3133, Ian Ring Music Theory
4th mode:
Scale 1807
Scale 1807, Ian Ring Music Theory
5th mode:
Scale 2951
Scale 2951, Ian Ring Music Theory
6th mode:
Scale 3523
Scale 3523, Ian Ring Music Theory
7th mode:
Scale 3809
Scale 3809, Ian Ring Music Theory

Prime

The prime form of this scale is Scale 239

Scale 239Scale 239, Ian Ring Music Theory

Complement

The heptatonic modal family [247, 2171, 3133, 1807, 2951, 3523, 3809] (Forte: 7-5) is the complement of the pentatonic modal family [143, 481, 2119, 3107, 3601] (Forte: 5-5)

Inverse

The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 247 is 3553

Scale 3553Scale 3553, Ian Ring Music Theory

Enantiomorph

Only scales that are chiral will have an enantiomorph. Scale 247 is chiral, and its enantiomorph is scale 3553

Scale 3553Scale 3553, Ian Ring Music Theory

Transformations:

T0 247  T0I 3553
T1 494  T1I 3011
T2 988  T2I 1927
T3 1976  T3I 3854
T4 3952  T4I 3613
T5 3809  T5I 3131
T6 3523  T6I 2167
T7 2951  T7I 239
T8 1807  T8I 478
T9 3614  T9I 956
T10 3133  T10I 1912
T11 2171  T11I 3824

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 245Scale 245: Raga Dipak, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Dipak
Scale 243Scale 243, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 251Scale 251, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 255Scale 255: Chromatic Octamode, Ian Ring Music TheoryChromatic Octamode
Scale 231Scale 231, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 239Scale 239, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 215Scale 215, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 183Scale 183, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 119Scale 119, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 375Scale 375: Sodian, Ian Ring Music TheorySodian
Scale 503Scale 503: Thoptyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryThoptyllic
Scale 759Scale 759: Katalyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKatalyllic
Scale 1271Scale 1271: Kolyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKolyllic
Scale 2295Scale 2295: Kogyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKogyllic

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. The software used to generate this analysis is an open source project at GitHub. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler (http://allthescales.org) used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy.