The Exciting Universe Of Music Theory

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Scale 119

Scale 119, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).


Cardinality6 (hexatonic)
Pitch Class Set{0,1,2,4,5,6}
Forte Number6-Z4
Rotational Symmetrynone
Reflection Axes3
Hemitonia4 (multihemitonic)
Cohemitonia2 (dicohemitonic)
Deep Scaleno
Interval Vector432321
Interval Spectrump2m3n2s3d4t
Distribution Spectra<1> = {1,2,6}
<2> = {2,3,7}
<3> = {4,8}
<4> = {5,9,10}
<5> = {6,10,11}
Spectra Variation4
Maximally Evenno
Maximal Area Setno
Interior Area1.433
Myhill Propertyno
Ridge Tones[6]

Common Triads

There are no common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that can be formed using notes in this scale.


Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 119 can be rotated to make 5 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 2107
Scale 2107, Ian Ring Music Theory
3rd mode:
Scale 3101
Scale 3101, Ian Ring Music Theory
4th mode:
Scale 1799
Scale 1799, Ian Ring Music Theory
5th mode:
Scale 2947
Scale 2947, Ian Ring Music Theory
6th mode:
Scale 3521
Scale 3521, Ian Ring Music Theory


This is the prime form of this scale.


The hexatonic modal family [119, 2107, 3101, 1799, 2947, 3521] (Forte: 6-Z4) is the complement of the hexatonic modal family [287, 497, 2191, 3143, 3619, 3857] (Forte: 6-Z37)


The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 119 is 3521

Scale 3521Scale 3521, Ian Ring Music Theory


T0 119  T0I 3521
T1 238  T1I 2947
T2 476  T2I 1799
T3 952  T3I 3598
T4 1904  T4I 3101
T5 3808  T5I 2107
T6 3521  T6I 119
T7 2947  T7I 238
T8 1799  T8I 476
T9 3598  T9I 952
T10 3101  T10I 1904
T11 2107  T11I 3808

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 117Scale 117, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 115Scale 115, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 123Scale 123, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 127Scale 127, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 103Scale 103, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 111Scale 111, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 87Scale 87, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 55Scale 55, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 183Scale 183, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 247Scale 247, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 375Scale 375: Sodian, Ian Ring Music TheorySodian
Scale 631Scale 631: Zygian, Ian Ring Music TheoryZygian
Scale 1143Scale 1143: Styrian, Ian Ring Music TheoryStyrian
Scale 2167Scale 2167, Ian Ring Music Theory

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. The software used to generate this analysis is an open source project at GitHub. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler ( used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy.