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Scale 3559: "Thophygic"

Scale 3559: Thophygic, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Common Names

Zeitler
Thophygic
Dozenal
Welian

Analysis

Cardinality

Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

9 (enneatonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11

{0,1,2,5,6,7,8,10,11}

Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Allen Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.

9-5

Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.

none

Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.

none

Palindromicity

A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.

no

Chirality

A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

yes
enantiomorph: 3319

Hemitonia

A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

7 (multihemitonic)

Cohemitonia

A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

5 (multicohemitonic)

Imperfections

An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.

2

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.

8

Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

no
prime: 991

Generator

Indicates if the scale can be constructed using a generator, and an origin.

none

Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.

no

Interval Structure

Defines the scale as the sequence of intervals between one tone and the next.

[1, 1, 3, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1]

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

<7, 6, 6, 6, 7, 4>

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hanson.

p7m6n6s6d7t4

Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,2,3}
<2> = {2,3,4}
<3> = {3,4,5}
<4> = {4,5,6}
<5> = {6,7,8}
<6> = {7,8,9}
<7> = {8,9,10}
<8> = {9,10,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.

1.778

Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.

no

Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.

no

Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.

2.683

Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.

6.038

Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.

no

Balanced

A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.

no

Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.

none

Propriety

Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".

Improper

Heteromorphic Profile

Defined by Norman Carey (2002), the heteromorphic profile is an ordered triple of (c, a, d) where c is the number of contradictions, a is the number of ambiguities, and d is the number of differences. When c is zero, the scale is Proper. When a is also zero, the scale is Strictly Proper.

(28, 94, 180)

Common Triads

These are the common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that you can create from members of this scale.

* Pitches are shown with C as the root

Triad TypeTriad*Pitch ClassesDegreeEccentricityCloseness Centrality
Major TriadsC♯{1,5,8}342.36
F♯{6,10,1}342.21
G{7,11,2}342.29
A♯{10,2,5}442.07
Minor Triadsfm{5,8,0}242.64
gm{7,10,2}342.21
a♯m{10,1,5}342.14
bm{11,2,6}342.21
Augmented TriadsD+{2,6,10}442
Diminished Triads{2,5,8}242.43
{5,8,11}242.71
{7,10,1}242.57
g♯°{8,11,2}242.57
{11,2,5}242.43
Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 3559. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 C# C# C#->d° fm fm C#->fm a#m a#m C#->a#m A# A# d°->A# D+ D+ F# F# D+->F# gm gm D+->gm D+->A# bm bm D+->bm f°->fm g#° g#° f°->g#° F#->g° F#->a#m g°->gm Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 3559. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 G gm->G G->g#° G->bm a#m->A# A#->b° b°->bm

view full size

Above is a graph showing opportunities for parsimonious voice leading between triads*. Each line connects two triads that have two common tones, while the third tone changes by one generic scale step.

Diameter4
Radius4
Self-Centeredyes

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 3559 can be rotated to make 8 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 3827
Scale 3827: Bodygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryBodygic
3rd mode:
Scale 3961
Scale 3961: Zathygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZathygic
4th mode:
Scale 1007
Scale 1007: Epitygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryEpitygic
5th mode:
Scale 2551
Scale 2551: Thocrygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryThocrygic
6th mode:
Scale 3323
Scale 3323: Lacrygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryLacrygic
7th mode:
Scale 3709
Scale 3709: Katynygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKatynygic
8th mode:
Scale 1951
Scale 1951: Marygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryMarygic
9th mode:
Scale 3023
Scale 3023: Mothygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryMothygic

Prime

The prime form of this scale is Scale 991

Scale 991Scale 991: Aeolygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeolygic

Complement

The enneatonic modal family [3559, 3827, 3961, 1007, 2551, 3323, 3709, 1951, 3023] (Forte: 9-5) is the complement of the tritonic modal family [67, 193, 2081] (Forte: 3-5)

Inverse

The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 3559 is 3319

Scale 3319Scale 3319: Tholygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryTholygic

Enantiomorph

Only scales that are chiral will have an enantiomorph. Scale 3559 is chiral, and its enantiomorph is scale 3319

Scale 3319Scale 3319: Tholygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryTholygic

Transformations:

In the abbreviation, the subscript number after "T" is the number of semitones of tranposition, "M" means the pitch class is multiplied by 5, and "I" means the result is inverted. Operation is an identical way to express the same thing; the syntax is <a,b> where each tone of the set x is transformed by the equation y = ax + b

Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0 <1,0> 3559       T0I <11,0> 3319
T1 <1,1> 3023      T1I <11,1> 2543
T2 <1,2> 1951      T2I <11,2> 991
T3 <1,3> 3902      T3I <11,3> 1982
T4 <1,4> 3709      T4I <11,4> 3964
T5 <1,5> 3323      T5I <11,5> 3833
T6 <1,6> 2551      T6I <11,6> 3571
T7 <1,7> 1007      T7I <11,7> 3047
T8 <1,8> 2014      T8I <11,8> 1999
T9 <1,9> 4028      T9I <11,9> 3998
T10 <1,10> 3961      T10I <11,10> 3901
T11 <1,11> 3827      T11I <11,11> 3707
Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0M <5,0> 3319      T0MI <7,0> 3559
T1M <5,1> 2543      T1MI <7,1> 3023
T2M <5,2> 991      T2MI <7,2> 1951
T3M <5,3> 1982      T3MI <7,3> 3902
T4M <5,4> 3964      T4MI <7,4> 3709
T5M <5,5> 3833      T5MI <7,5> 3323
T6M <5,6> 3571      T6MI <7,6> 2551
T7M <5,7> 3047      T7MI <7,7> 1007
T8M <5,8> 1999      T8MI <7,8> 2014
T9M <5,9> 3998      T9MI <7,9> 4028
T10M <5,10> 3901      T10MI <7,10> 3961
T11M <5,11> 3707      T11MI <7,11> 3827

The transformations that map this set to itself are: T0, T0MI

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 3557Scale 3557: Wekian, Ian Ring Music TheoryWekian
Scale 3555Scale 3555: Pylyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPylyllic
Scale 3563Scale 3563: Ionoptygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryIonoptygic
Scale 3567Scale 3567: Epityllian, Ian Ring Music TheoryEpityllian
Scale 3575Scale 3575: Symmetrical Decatonic, Ian Ring Music TheorySymmetrical Decatonic
Scale 3527Scale 3527: Ronyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryRonyllic
Scale 3543Scale 3543: Aeolonygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeolonygic
Scale 3495Scale 3495: Banyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryBanyllic
Scale 3431Scale 3431: Zyptyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZyptyllic
Scale 3303Scale 3303: Mylyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryMylyllic
Scale 3815Scale 3815: Galygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryGalygic
Scale 4071Scale 4071: Decatonic Chromatic 8, Ian Ring Music TheoryDecatonic Chromatic 8
Scale 2535Scale 2535: Messiaen Mode 4, Ian Ring Music TheoryMessiaen Mode 4
Scale 3047Scale 3047: Panygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPanygic
Scale 1511Scale 1511: Styptyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryStyptyllic

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. All other diagrams and visualizations are © Ian Ring. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler (http://allthescales.org) used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy, and George Howlett for assistance with the Carnatic ragas.