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Scale 4079: "Chromatic Undecamode 8"

Scale 4079: Chromatic Undecamode 8, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Common Names

Western Modern
Chromatic Undecamode 8
Undecatonic Chromatic 8
Dozenal
Pigian
Zeitler
Ionatic

Analysis

Cardinality

Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

11 (hendecatonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11

{0,1,2,3,5,6,7,8,9,10,11}

Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Allen Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.

11-1

Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.

none

Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.

[4]

Palindromicity

A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.

no

Chirality

A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

no

Hemitonia

A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

10 (multihemitonic)

Cohemitonia

A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

9 (multicohemitonic)

Imperfections

An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.

1

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.

10

Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

no
prime: 2047

Generator

Indicates if the scale can be constructed using a generator, and an origin.

generator: 1
origin: 5

Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.

no

Interval Structure

Defines the scale as the sequence of intervals between one tone and the next.

[1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1]

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

<10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 5>

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hanson.

p10m10n10s10d10t5

Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,2}
<2> = {2,3}
<3> = {3,4}
<4> = {4,5}
<5> = {5,6}
<6> = {6,7}
<7> = {7,8}
<8> = {8,9}
<9> = {9,10}
<10> = {10,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.

0.909

Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.

yes

Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.

yes

Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.

2.933

Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.

6.176

Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.

yes

Balanced

A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.

no

Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.

[8]

Propriety

Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".

Proper

Heteromorphic Profile

Defined by Norman Carey (2002), the heteromorphic profile is an ordered triple of (c, a, d) where c is the number of contradictions, a is the number of ambiguities, and d is the number of differences. When c is zero, the scale is Proper. When a is also zero, the scale is Strictly Proper.

(0, 165, 220)

Generator

This scale has a generator of 1, originating on 5.

Common Triads

These are the common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that you can create from members of this scale.

* Pitches are shown with C as the root

Triad TypeTriad*Pitch ClassesDegreeEccentricityCloseness Centrality
Major TriadsC♯{1,5,8}353.13
D{2,6,9}452.8
D♯{3,7,10}353
F{5,9,0}453.07
F♯{6,10,1}452.87
G{7,11,2}452.93
G♯{8,0,3}453.1
A♯{10,2,5}452.87
B{11,3,6}452.93
Minor Triadscm{0,3,7}353.13
dm{2,5,9}452.93
d♯m{3,6,10}452.87
fm{5,8,0}453.1
f♯m{6,9,1}452.93
gm{7,10,2}452.87
g♯m{8,11,3}453.07
a♯m{10,1,5}353
bm{11,2,6}452.8
Augmented TriadsC♯+{1,5,9}552.9
D+{2,6,10}652.6
D♯+{3,7,11}552.9
Diminished Triads{0,3,6}253.37
{2,5,8}253.37
d♯°{3,6,9}253.2
{5,8,11}253.3
f♯°{6,9,0}253.3
{7,10,1}253.27
g♯°{8,11,2}253.3
{9,0,3}253.3
{11,2,5}253.2
Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 4079. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 cm cm c°->cm B B c°->B D#+ D#+ cm->D#+ G# G# cm->G# C# C# C#+ C#+ C#->C#+ C#->d° fm fm C#->fm dm dm C#+->dm F F C#+->F f#m f#m C#+->f#m a#m a#m C#+->a#m d°->dm D D dm->D A# A# dm->A# D+ D+ D->D+ d#° d#° D->d#° D->f#m d#m d#m D+->d#m F# F# D+->F# gm gm D+->gm D+->A# bm bm D+->bm d#°->d#m D# D# d#m->D# d#m->B D#->D#+ D#->gm Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 4079. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 G D#+->G g#m g#m D#+->g#m D#+->B f°->fm f°->g#m fm->F fm->G# f#° f#° F->f#° F->a° f#°->f#m f#m->F# F#->g° F#->a#m g°->gm gm->G g#° g#° G->g#° G->bm g#°->g#m g#m->G# G#->a° a#m->A# A#->b° b°->bm bm->B

view full size

Above is a graph showing opportunities for parsimonious voice leading between triads*. Each line connects two triads that have two common tones, while the third tone changes by one generic scale step.

Diameter5
Radius5
Self-Centeredyes

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 4079 can be rotated to make 10 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 4087
Scale 4087: Chromatic Undecamode 9, Ian Ring Music TheoryChromatic Undecamode 9
3rd mode:
Scale 4091
Scale 4091: Chromatic Undecamode 10, Ian Ring Music TheoryChromatic Undecamode 10
4th mode:
Scale 4093
Scale 4093: Chromatic Undecamode 11, Ian Ring Music TheoryChromatic Undecamode 11
5th mode:
Scale 2047
Scale 2047: Chromatic Undecamode, Ian Ring Music TheoryChromatic UndecamodeThis is the prime mode
6th mode:
Scale 3071
Scale 3071: Chromatic Undecamode 2, Ian Ring Music TheoryChromatic Undecamode 2
7th mode:
Scale 3583
Scale 3583: Chromatic Undecamode 3, Ian Ring Music TheoryChromatic Undecamode 3
8th mode:
Scale 3839
Scale 3839: Chromatic Undecamode 4, Ian Ring Music TheoryChromatic Undecamode 4
9th mode:
Scale 3967
Scale 3967: Chromatic Undecamode 5, Ian Ring Music TheoryChromatic Undecamode 5
10th mode:
Scale 4031
Scale 4031: Chromatic Undecamode 6, Ian Ring Music TheoryChromatic Undecamode 6
11th mode:
Scale 4063
Scale 4063: Chromatic Undecamode 7, Ian Ring Music TheoryChromatic Undecamode 7

Prime

The prime form of this scale is Scale 2047

Scale 2047Scale 2047: Chromatic Undecamode, Ian Ring Music TheoryChromatic Undecamode

Complement

The hendecatonic modal family [4079, 4087, 4091, 4093, 2047, 3071, 3583, 3839, 3967, 4031, 4063] (Forte: 11-1) is the complement of the monotonic modal family [1] (Forte: 1-1)

Inverse

The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 4079 is 3839

Scale 3839Scale 3839: Chromatic Undecamode 4, Ian Ring Music TheoryChromatic Undecamode 4

Transformations:

In the abbreviation, the subscript number after "T" is the number of semitones of tranposition, "M" means the pitch class is multiplied by 5, and "I" means the result is inverted. Operation is an identical way to express the same thing; the syntax is <a,b> where each tone of the set x is transformed by the equation y = ax + b

Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0 <1,0> 4079       T0I <11,0> 3839
T1 <1,1> 4063      T1I <11,1> 3583
T2 <1,2> 4031      T2I <11,2> 3071
T3 <1,3> 3967      T3I <11,3> 2047
T4 <1,4> 3839      T4I <11,4> 4094
T5 <1,5> 3583      T5I <11,5> 4093
T6 <1,6> 3071      T6I <11,6> 4091
T7 <1,7> 2047      T7I <11,7> 4087
T8 <1,8> 4094      T8I <11,8> 4079
T9 <1,9> 4093      T9I <11,9> 4063
T10 <1,10> 4091      T10I <11,10> 4031
T11 <1,11> 4087      T11I <11,11> 3967
Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0M <5,0> 3839      T0MI <7,0> 4079
T1M <5,1> 3583      T1MI <7,1> 4063
T2M <5,2> 3071      T2MI <7,2> 4031
T3M <5,3> 2047      T3MI <7,3> 3967
T4M <5,4> 4094      T4MI <7,4> 3839
T5M <5,5> 4093      T5MI <7,5> 3583
T6M <5,6> 4091      T6MI <7,6> 3071
T7M <5,7> 4087      T7MI <7,7> 2047
T8M <5,8> 4079       T8MI <7,8> 4094
T9M <5,9> 4063      T9MI <7,9> 4093
T10M <5,10> 4031      T10MI <7,10> 4091
T11M <5,11> 3967      T11MI <7,11> 4087

The transformations that map this set to itself are: T0, T8I, T8M, T0MI

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 4077Scale 4077: Gothyllian, Ian Ring Music TheoryGothyllian
Scale 4075Scale 4075: Katyllian, Ian Ring Music TheoryKatyllian
Scale 4071Scale 4071: Decatonic Chromatic 8, Ian Ring Music TheoryDecatonic Chromatic 8
Scale 4087Scale 4087: Chromatic Undecamode 9, Ian Ring Music TheoryChromatic Undecamode 9
Scale 4095Scale 4095: Chromatic, Ian Ring Music TheoryChromatic
Scale 4047Scale 4047: Decatonic Chromatic 7, Ian Ring Music TheoryDecatonic Chromatic 7
Scale 4063Scale 4063: Chromatic Undecamode 7, Ian Ring Music TheoryChromatic Undecamode 7
Scale 4015Scale 4015: Phradyllian, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhradyllian
Scale 3951Scale 3951: Mathyllian, Ian Ring Music TheoryMathyllian
Scale 3823Scale 3823: Epinyllian, Ian Ring Music TheoryEpinyllian
Scale 3567Scale 3567: Epityllian, Ian Ring Music TheoryEpityllian
Scale 3055Scale 3055: Messiaen Mode 7, Ian Ring Music TheoryMessiaen Mode 7
Scale 2031Scale 2031: Gadyllian, Ian Ring Music TheoryGadyllian

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. All other diagrams and visualizations are © Ian Ring. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler (http://allthescales.org) used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy, and George Howlett for assistance with the Carnatic ragas.