The Exciting Universe Of Music Theory
presents

more than you ever wanted to know about...

Scale 1209: "Raga Bhanumanjari"

Scale 1209: Raga Bhanumanjari, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

41161837294116105072918310504116183
Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Common Names

Carnatic Raga
Raga Bhanumanjari
Jog
Zeitler
Ionynimic

Analysis

Cardinality

Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

6 (hexatonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11

{0,3,4,5,7,10}

Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Alan Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.

6-Z47

Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.

none

Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.

none

Palindromicity

A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.

no

Chirality

A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

yes
enantiomorph: 933

Hemitonia

A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

2 (dihemitonic)

Cohemitonia

A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

1 (uncohemitonic)

Imperfections

An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.

2

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.

5

Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

no
prime: 663

Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.

no

Interval Formula

Defines the scale as the sequence of intervals between one tone and the next.

[3, 1, 1, 2, 3, 2] 9

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

<2, 3, 3, 2, 4, 1>

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hansen.

p4m2n3s3d2t

Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,2,3}
<2> = {2,3,4,5}
<3> = {4,5,6,7,8}
<4> = {7,8,9,10}
<5> = {9,10,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.

2.333

Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.

no

Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.

no

Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.

2.366

Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.

5.864

Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.

no

Balanced

A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.

no

Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.

none

Propriety

Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".

Improper

Common Triads

These are the common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that you can create from members of this scale.

* Pitches are shown with C as the root

Triad TypeTriad*Pitch ClassesDegreeEccentricityCloseness Centrality
Major TriadsC{0,4,7}221
D♯{3,7,10}221
Minor Triadscm{0,3,7}221
Diminished Triads{4,7,10}221

The following pitch classes are not present in any of the common triads: {5}

Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 1209. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 cm cm C C cm->C D# D# cm->D# C->e° D#->e°

Above is a graph showing opportunities for parsimonious voice leading between triads*. Each line connects two triads that have two common tones, while the third tone changes by one generic scale step.

Diameter2
Radius2
Self-Centeredyes

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 1209 can be rotated to make 5 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 663
Scale 663: Phrynimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhrynimicThis is the prime mode
3rd mode:
Scale 2379
Scale 2379: Raga Gurjari Todi, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Gurjari Todi
4th mode:
Scale 3237
Scale 3237: Raga Brindabani Sarang, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Brindabani Sarang
5th mode:
Scale 1833
Scale 1833: Ionacrimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryIonacrimic
6th mode:
Scale 741
Scale 741: Gathimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryGathimic

Prime

The prime form of this scale is Scale 663

Scale 663Scale 663: Phrynimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhrynimic

Complement

The hexatonic modal family [1209, 663, 2379, 3237, 1833, 741] (Forte: 6-Z47) is the complement of the hexatonic modal family [363, 1419, 1581, 1713, 2229, 2757] (Forte: 6-Z25)

Inverse

The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 1209 is 933

Scale 933Scale 933: Dadimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryDadimic

Enantiomorph

Only scales that are chiral will have an enantiomorph. Scale 1209 is chiral, and its enantiomorph is scale 933

Scale 933Scale 933: Dadimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryDadimic

Transformations:

T0 1209  T0I 933
T1 2418  T1I 1866
T2 741  T2I 3732
T3 1482  T3I 3369
T4 2964  T4I 2643
T5 1833  T5I 1191
T6 3666  T6I 2382
T7 3237  T7I 669
T8 2379  T8I 1338
T9 663  T9I 2676
T10 1326  T10I 1257
T11 2652  T11I 2514

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 1211Scale 1211: Zadian, Ian Ring Music TheoryZadian
Scale 1213Scale 1213: Gyrian, Ian Ring Music TheoryGyrian
Scale 1201Scale 1201: Mixolydian Pentatonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryMixolydian Pentatonic
Scale 1205Scale 1205: Raga Siva Kambhoji, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Siva Kambhoji
Scale 1193Scale 1193: Minor Pentatonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryMinor Pentatonic
Scale 1177Scale 1177: Garitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryGaritonic
Scale 1241Scale 1241: Pygimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPygimic
Scale 1273Scale 1273: Ronian, Ian Ring Music TheoryRonian
Scale 1081Scale 1081, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 1145Scale 1145: Zygimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZygimic
Scale 1337Scale 1337: Epogimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryEpogimic
Scale 1465Scale 1465: Mela Ragavardhani, Ian Ring Music TheoryMela Ragavardhani
Scale 1721Scale 1721: Mela Vagadhisvari, Ian Ring Music TheoryMela Vagadhisvari
Scale 185Scale 185, Ian Ring Music Theory
Scale 697Scale 697: Lagimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryLagimic
Scale 2233Scale 2233: Donimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryDonimic
Scale 3257Scale 3257: Mela Calanata, Ian Ring Music TheoryMela Calanata

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler (http://allthescales.org) used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy.