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Scale 1463

Scale 1463, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Analysis

Cardinality

Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

8 (octatonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11

{0,1,2,4,5,7,8,10}

Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Allen Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.

8-27

Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.

none

Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.

none

Palindromicity

A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.

no

Chirality

A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

yes
enantiomorph: 3509

Hemitonia

A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

4 (multihemitonic)

Cohemitonia

A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

1 (uncohemitonic)

Imperfections

An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.

3

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.

7

Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

yes

Generator

Indicates if the scale can be constructed using a generator, and an origin.

none

Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.

no

Interval Formula

Defines the scale as the sequence of intervals between one tone and the next.

[1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 1, 2, 2]

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

<4, 5, 6, 5, 5, 3>

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hanson.

p5m5n6s5d4t3

Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,2}
<2> = {2,3,4}
<3> = {4,5}
<4> = {5,6,7}
<5> = {7,8}
<6> = {8,9,10}
<7> = {10,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.

1.25

Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.

no

Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.

yes

Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.

2.732

Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.

6.071

Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.

no

Balanced

A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.

no

Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.

none

Propriety

Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".

Proper

Heteromorphic Profile

Defined by Norman Carey (2002), the heteromorphic profile is an ordered triple of (c, a, d) where c is the number of contradictions, a is the number of ambiguities, and d is the number of differences. When c is zero, the scale is Proper. When a is also zero, the scale is Strictly Proper.

(0, 24, 103)

Common Triads

These are the common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that you can create from members of this scale.

* Pitches are shown with C as the root

Triad TypeTriad*Pitch ClassesDegreeEccentricityCloseness Centrality
Major TriadsC{0,4,7}342.23
C♯{1,5,8}441.85
A♯{10,2,5}342.15
Minor Triadsc♯m{1,4,8}441.92
fm{5,8,0}242.23
gm{7,10,2}342.23
a♯m{10,1,5}441.92
Augmented TriadsC+{0,4,8}342.15
Diminished Triadsc♯°{1,4,7}242.31
{2,5,8}242.23
{4,7,10}242.31
{7,10,1}242.31
a♯°{10,1,4}242.15
Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 1463. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 C C C+ C+ C->C+ c#° c#° C->c#° C->e° c#m c#m C+->c#m fm fm C+->fm c#°->c#m C# C# c#m->C# a#° a#° c#m->a#° C#->d° C#->fm a#m a#m C#->a#m A# A# d°->A# gm gm e°->gm g°->gm g°->a#m gm->A# a#°->a#m a#m->A#

view full size

Above is a graph showing opportunities for parsimonious voice leading between triads*. Each line connects two triads that have two common tones, while the third tone changes by one generic scale step.

Diameter4
Radius4
Self-Centeredyes

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 1463 can be rotated to make 7 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 2779
Scale 2779: Shostakovich, Ian Ring Music TheoryShostakovich
3rd mode:
Scale 3437
Scale 3437, Ian Ring Music Theory
4th mode:
Scale 1883
Scale 1883, Ian Ring Music Theory
5th mode:
Scale 2989
Scale 2989: Bebop Minor, Ian Ring Music TheoryBebop Minor
6th mode:
Scale 1771
Scale 1771, Ian Ring Music Theory
7th mode:
Scale 2933
Scale 2933, Ian Ring Music Theory
8th mode:
Scale 1757
Scale 1757, Ian Ring Music Theory

Prime

This is the prime form of this scale.

Complement

The octatonic modal family [1463, 2779, 3437, 1883, 2989, 1771, 2933, 1757] (Forte: 8-27) is the complement of the tetratonic modal family [293, 593, 649, 1097] (Forte: 4-27)

Inverse

The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 1463 is 3509

Scale 3509Scale 3509: Stogyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryStogyllic

Enantiomorph

Only scales that are chiral will have an enantiomorph. Scale 1463 is chiral, and its enantiomorph is scale 3509

Scale 3509Scale 3509: Stogyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryStogyllic

Transformations:

In the abbreviation, the subscript number after "T" is the number of semitones of tranposition, "M" means the pitch class is multiplied by 5, and "I" means the result is inverted. Operation is an identical way to express the same thing; the syntax is <a,b> where each tone of the set x is transformed by the equation y = ax + b

Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0 <1,0> 1463       T0I <11,0> 3509
T1 <1,1> 2926      T1I <11,1> 2923
T2 <1,2> 1757      T2I <11,2> 1751
T3 <1,3> 3514      T3I <11,3> 3502
T4 <1,4> 2933      T4I <11,4> 2909
T5 <1,5> 1771      T5I <11,5> 1723
T6 <1,6> 3542      T6I <11,6> 3446
T7 <1,7> 2989      T7I <11,7> 2797
T8 <1,8> 1883      T8I <11,8> 1499
T9 <1,9> 3766      T9I <11,9> 2998
T10 <1,10> 3437      T10I <11,10> 1901
T11 <1,11> 2779      T11I <11,11> 3802
Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0M <5,0> 3383      T0MI <7,0> 3479
T1M <5,1> 2671      T1MI <7,1> 2863
T2M <5,2> 1247      T2MI <7,2> 1631
T3M <5,3> 2494      T3MI <7,3> 3262
T4M <5,4> 893      T4MI <7,4> 2429
T5M <5,5> 1786      T5MI <7,5> 763
T6M <5,6> 3572      T6MI <7,6> 1526
T7M <5,7> 3049      T7MI <7,7> 3052
T8M <5,8> 2003      T8MI <7,8> 2009
T9M <5,9> 4006      T9MI <7,9> 4018
T10M <5,10> 3917      T10MI <7,10> 3941
T11M <5,11> 3739      T11MI <7,11> 3787

The transformations that map this set to itself are: T0

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 1461Scale 1461: Major-Minor, Ian Ring Music TheoryMajor-Minor
Scale 1459Scale 1459: Phrygian Dominant, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhrygian Dominant
Scale 1467Scale 1467: Spanish Phrygian, Ian Ring Music TheorySpanish Phrygian
Scale 1471Scale 1471: Radygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryRadygic
Scale 1447Scale 1447: Mela Ratnangi, Ian Ring Music TheoryMela Ratnangi
Scale 1455Scale 1455: Quartal Octamode, Ian Ring Music TheoryQuartal Octamode
Scale 1431Scale 1431: Phragian, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhragian
Scale 1495Scale 1495: Messiaen Mode 6, Ian Ring Music TheoryMessiaen Mode 6
Scale 1527Scale 1527: Aeolyrigic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeolyrigic
Scale 1335Scale 1335: Elephant Scale, Ian Ring Music TheoryElephant Scale
Scale 1399Scale 1399: Syryllic, Ian Ring Music TheorySyryllic
Scale 1207Scale 1207: Aeoloptian, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeoloptian
Scale 1719Scale 1719: Lyryllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryLyryllic
Scale 1975Scale 1975: Ionocrygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryIonocrygic
Scale 439Scale 439: Bythian, Ian Ring Music TheoryBythian
Scale 951Scale 951: Thogyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryThogyllic
Scale 2487Scale 2487: Dothyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryDothyllic
Scale 3511Scale 3511: Epolygic, Ian Ring Music TheoryEpolygic

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. All other diagrams and visualizations are © Ian Ring. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler (http://allthescales.org) used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy.