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Scale 1447: "Mela Ratnangi"

Scale 1447: Mela Ratnangi, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Common Names

Carnatic
Mela Ratnangi
Dozenal
Jafian
Zeitler
Mixopyrian
Carnatic Melakarta
Ratnangi
Carnatic Numbered Melakarta
2nd Melakarta raga

Analysis

Cardinality

Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

7 (heptatonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11

{0,1,2,5,7,8,10}

Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Allen Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.

7-29

Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.

none

Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.

none

Palindromicity

A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.

no

Chirality

A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

yes
enantiomorph: 3253

Hemitonia

A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

3 (trihemitonic)

Cohemitonia

A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

1 (uncohemitonic)

Imperfections

An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.

2

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.

6

Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

no
prime: 727

Generator

Indicates if the scale can be constructed using a generator, and an origin.

none

Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.

no

Interval Structure

Defines the scale as the sequence of intervals between one tone and the next.

[1, 1, 3, 2, 1, 2, 2]

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

<3, 4, 4, 3, 5, 2>

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hanson.

p5m3n4s4d3t2

Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,2,3}
<2> = {2,3,4,5}
<3> = {4,5,6}
<4> = {6,7,8}
<5> = {7,8,9,10}
<6> = {9,10,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.

2

Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.

no

Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.

no

Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.

2.549

Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.

5.967

Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.

no

Balanced

A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.

no

Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.

none

Propriety

Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".

Improper

Heteromorphic Profile

Defined by Norman Carey (2002), the heteromorphic profile is an ordered triple of (c, a, d) where c is the number of contradictions, a is the number of ambiguities, and d is the number of differences. When c is zero, the scale is Proper. When a is also zero, the scale is Strictly Proper.

(4, 28, 92)

Tertian Harmonic Chords

Tertian chords are made from alternating members of the scale, ie built from "stacked thirds". Not all scales lend themselves well to tertian harmony.

Common Triads

These are the common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that you can create from members of this scale.

* Pitches are shown with C as the root

Triad TypeTriad*Pitch ClassesDegreeEccentricityCloseness Centrality
Major TriadsC♯{1,5,8}331.43
A♯{10,2,5}331.43
Minor Triadsfm{5,8,0}142.14
gm{7,10,2}241.86
a♯m{10,1,5}321.29
Diminished Triads{2,5,8}231.57
{7,10,1}231.71
Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 1447. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 C# C# C#->d° fm fm C#->fm a#m a#m C#->a#m A# A# d°->A# gm gm g°->gm g°->a#m gm->A# a#m->A#

view full size

Above is a graph showing opportunities for parsimonious voice leading between triads*. Each line connects two triads that have two common tones, while the third tone changes by one generic scale step.

Diameter4
Radius2
Self-Centeredno
Central Verticesa♯m
Peripheral Verticesfm, gm

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 1447 can be rotated to make 6 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 2771
Scale 2771: Marva That, Ian Ring Music TheoryMarva That
3rd mode:
Scale 3433
Scale 3433: Thonian, Ian Ring Music TheoryThonian
4th mode:
Scale 941
Scale 941: Mela Jhankaradhvani, Ian Ring Music TheoryMela Jhankaradhvani
5th mode:
Scale 1259
Scale 1259: Stadian, Ian Ring Music TheoryStadian
6th mode:
Scale 2677
Scale 2677: Thodian, Ian Ring Music TheoryThodian
7th mode:
Scale 1693
Scale 1693: Dogian, Ian Ring Music TheoryDogian

Prime

The prime form of this scale is Scale 727

Scale 727Scale 727: Phradian, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhradian

Complement

The heptatonic modal family [1447, 2771, 3433, 941, 1259, 2677, 1693] (Forte: 7-29) is the complement of the pentatonic modal family [331, 709, 1201, 1577, 2213] (Forte: 5-29)

Inverse

The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 1447 is 3253

Scale 3253Scale 3253: Mela Naganandini, Ian Ring Music TheoryMela Naganandini

Enantiomorph

Only scales that are chiral will have an enantiomorph. Scale 1447 is chiral, and its enantiomorph is scale 3253

Scale 3253Scale 3253: Mela Naganandini, Ian Ring Music TheoryMela Naganandini

Transformations:

In the abbreviation, the subscript number after "T" is the number of semitones of tranposition, "M" means the pitch class is multiplied by 5, and "I" means the result is inverted. Operation is an identical way to express the same thing; the syntax is <a,b> where each tone of the set x is transformed by the equation y = ax + b

Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0 <1,0> 1447       T0I <11,0> 3253
T1 <1,1> 2894      T1I <11,1> 2411
T2 <1,2> 1693      T2I <11,2> 727
T3 <1,3> 3386      T3I <11,3> 1454
T4 <1,4> 2677      T4I <11,4> 2908
T5 <1,5> 1259      T5I <11,5> 1721
T6 <1,6> 2518      T6I <11,6> 3442
T7 <1,7> 941      T7I <11,7> 2789
T8 <1,8> 1882      T8I <11,8> 1483
T9 <1,9> 3764      T9I <11,9> 2966
T10 <1,10> 3433      T10I <11,10> 1837
T11 <1,11> 2771      T11I <11,11> 3674
Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0M <5,0> 3127      T0MI <7,0> 3463
T1M <5,1> 2159      T1MI <7,1> 2831
T2M <5,2> 223      T2MI <7,2> 1567
T3M <5,3> 446      T3MI <7,3> 3134
T4M <5,4> 892      T4MI <7,4> 2173
T5M <5,5> 1784      T5MI <7,5> 251
T6M <5,6> 3568      T6MI <7,6> 502
T7M <5,7> 3041      T7MI <7,7> 1004
T8M <5,8> 1987      T8MI <7,8> 2008
T9M <5,9> 3974      T9MI <7,9> 4016
T10M <5,10> 3853      T10MI <7,10> 3937
T11M <5,11> 3611      T11MI <7,11> 3779

The transformations that map this set to itself are: T0

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 1445Scale 1445: Raga Navamanohari, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Navamanohari
Scale 1443Scale 1443: Raga Phenadyuti, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Phenadyuti
Scale 1451Scale 1451: Phrygian, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhrygian
Scale 1455Scale 1455: Quartal Octamode, Ian Ring Music TheoryQuartal Octamode
Scale 1463Scale 1463: Ugrian, Ian Ring Music TheoryUgrian
Scale 1415Scale 1415: Impian, Ian Ring Music TheoryImpian
Scale 1431Scale 1431: Phragian, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhragian
Scale 1479Scale 1479: Mela Jalarnava, Ian Ring Music TheoryMela Jalarnava
Scale 1511Scale 1511: Styptyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryStyptyllic
Scale 1319Scale 1319: Phronimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhronimic
Scale 1383Scale 1383: Pynian, Ian Ring Music TheoryPynian
Scale 1191Scale 1191: Pyrimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPyrimic
Scale 1703Scale 1703: Mela Vanaspati, Ian Ring Music TheoryMela Vanaspati
Scale 1959Scale 1959: Katolyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKatolyllic
Scale 423Scale 423: Sogimic, Ian Ring Music TheorySogimic
Scale 935Scale 935: Chromatic Dorian, Ian Ring Music TheoryChromatic Dorian
Scale 2471Scale 2471: Mela Ganamurti, Ian Ring Music TheoryMela Ganamurti
Scale 3495Scale 3495: Banyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryBanyllic

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. All other diagrams and visualizations are © Ian Ring. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler (http://allthescales.org) used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy, and George Howlett for assistance with the Carnatic ragas.