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Scale 1689: "Lorimic"

Scale 1689: Lorimic, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Common Names

Zeitler
Lorimic
Dozenal
Kixian

Analysis

Cardinality

Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

6 (hexatonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11

{0,3,4,7,9,10}

Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Allen Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.

6-Z50

Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.

none

Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.

[3.5]

Palindromicity

A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.

no

Chirality

A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

no

Hemitonia

A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

2 (dihemitonic)

Cohemitonia

A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

0 (ancohemitonic)

Imperfections

An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.

3

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.

5

Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

no
prime: 723

Generator

Indicates if the scale can be constructed using a generator, and an origin.

none

Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.

no

Interval Structure

Defines the scale as the sequence of intervals between one tone and the next.

[3, 1, 3, 2, 1, 2]

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

<2, 2, 4, 2, 3, 2>

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hanson.

p3m2n4s2d2t2

Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,2,3}
<2> = {3,4,5}
<3> = {5,6,7}
<4> = {7,8,9}
<5> = {9,10,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.

1.667

Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.

no

Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.

no

Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.

2.366

Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.

5.864

Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.

no

Balanced

A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.

no

Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.

[7]

Propriety

Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".

Proper

Heteromorphic Profile

Defined by Norman Carey (2002), the heteromorphic profile is an ordered triple of (c, a, d) where c is the number of contradictions, a is the number of ambiguities, and d is the number of differences. When c is zero, the scale is Proper. When a is also zero, the scale is Strictly Proper.

(0, 12, 57)

Common Triads

These are the common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that you can create from members of this scale.

* Pitches are shown with C as the root

Triad TypeTriad*Pitch ClassesDegreeEccentricityCloseness Centrality
Major TriadsC{0,4,7}321.17
D♯{3,7,10}231.5
Minor Triadscm{0,3,7}321.17
am{9,0,4}231.5
Diminished Triads{4,7,10}231.5
{9,0,3}231.5
Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 1689. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 cm cm C C cm->C D# D# cm->D# cm->a° C->e° am am C->am D#->e° a°->am

Above is a graph showing opportunities for parsimonious voice leading between triads*. Each line connects two triads that have two common tones, while the third tone changes by one generic scale step.

Diameter3
Radius2
Self-Centeredno
Central Verticescm, C
Peripheral VerticesD♯, e°, a°, am

Triad Polychords

Also known as Bi-Triadic Hexatonics (a term coined by mDecks), and related to Generic Modality Compression (a method for guitar by Mick Goodrick and Tim Miller), these are two common triads that when combined use all the tones in this scale.

There are 2 ways that this hexatonic scale can be split into two common triads.


Major: {3, 7, 10}
Minor: {9, 0, 4}

Diminished: {4, 7, 10}
Diminished: {9, 0, 3}

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 1689 can be rotated to make 5 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 723
Scale 723: Ionadimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryIonadimicThis is the prime mode
3rd mode:
Scale 2409
Scale 2409: Zacrimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZacrimic
4th mode:
Scale 813
Scale 813: Larimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryLarimic
5th mode:
Scale 1227
Scale 1227: Thacrimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryThacrimic
6th mode:
Scale 2661
Scale 2661: Stydimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryStydimic

Prime

The prime form of this scale is Scale 723

Scale 723Scale 723: Ionadimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryIonadimic

Complement

The hexatonic modal family [1689, 723, 2409, 813, 1227, 2661] (Forte: 6-Z50) is the complement of the hexatonic modal family [717, 843, 1203, 1641, 2469, 2649] (Forte: 6-Z29)

Inverse

The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 1689 is 813

Scale 813Scale 813: Larimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryLarimic

Transformations:

In the abbreviation, the subscript number after "T" is the number of semitones of tranposition, "M" means the pitch class is multiplied by 5, and "I" means the result is inverted. Operation is an identical way to express the same thing; the syntax is <a,b> where each tone of the set x is transformed by the equation y = ax + b

Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0 <1,0> 1689       T0I <11,0> 813
T1 <1,1> 3378      T1I <11,1> 1626
T2 <1,2> 2661      T2I <11,2> 3252
T3 <1,3> 1227      T3I <11,3> 2409
T4 <1,4> 2454      T4I <11,4> 723
T5 <1,5> 813      T5I <11,5> 1446
T6 <1,6> 1626      T6I <11,6> 2892
T7 <1,7> 3252      T7I <11,7> 1689
T8 <1,8> 2409      T8I <11,8> 3378
T9 <1,9> 723      T9I <11,9> 2661
T10 <1,10> 1446      T10I <11,10> 1227
T11 <1,11> 2892      T11I <11,11> 2454
Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0M <5,0> 2829      T0MI <7,0> 1563
T1M <5,1> 1563      T1MI <7,1> 3126
T2M <5,2> 3126      T2MI <7,2> 2157
T3M <5,3> 2157      T3MI <7,3> 219
T4M <5,4> 219      T4MI <7,4> 438
T5M <5,5> 438      T5MI <7,5> 876
T6M <5,6> 876      T6MI <7,6> 1752
T7M <5,7> 1752      T7MI <7,7> 3504
T8M <5,8> 3504      T8MI <7,8> 2913
T9M <5,9> 2913      T9MI <7,9> 1731
T10M <5,10> 1731      T10MI <7,10> 3462
T11M <5,11> 3462      T11MI <7,11> 2829

The transformations that map this set to itself are: T0, T7I

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 1691Scale 1691: Kathian, Ian Ring Music TheoryKathian
Scale 1693Scale 1693: Dogian, Ian Ring Music TheoryDogian
Scale 1681Scale 1681: Raga Valaji, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Valaji
Scale 1685Scale 1685: Zeracrimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZeracrimic
Scale 1673Scale 1673: Thocritonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryThocritonic
Scale 1705Scale 1705: Raga Manohari, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Manohari
Scale 1721Scale 1721: Mela Vagadhisvari, Ian Ring Music TheoryMela Vagadhisvari
Scale 1753Scale 1753: Hungarian Major, Ian Ring Music TheoryHungarian Major
Scale 1561Scale 1561: Joxian, Ian Ring Music TheoryJoxian
Scale 1625Scale 1625: Lythimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryLythimic
Scale 1817Scale 1817: Phrythimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhrythimic
Scale 1945Scale 1945: Zarian, Ian Ring Music TheoryZarian
Scale 1177Scale 1177: Garitonic, Ian Ring Music TheoryGaritonic
Scale 1433Scale 1433: Dynimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryDynimic
Scale 665Scale 665: Raga Mohanangi, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Mohanangi
Scale 2713Scale 2713: Porimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPorimic
Scale 3737Scale 3737: Phrocrian, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhrocrian

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. All other diagrams and visualizations are © Ian Ring. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler (http://allthescales.org) used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy, and George Howlett for assistance with the Carnatic ragas.