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Scale 2255: "Dylian"

Scale 2255: Dylian, Ian Ring Music Theory

Bracelet Diagram

The bracelet shows tones that are in this scale, starting from the top (12 o'clock), going clockwise in ascending semitones. The "i" icon marks imperfect tones that do not have a tone a fifth above. Dotted lines indicate axes of symmetry.

Tonnetz Diagram

Tonnetz diagrams are popular in Neo-Riemannian theory. Notes are arranged in a lattice where perfect 5th intervals are from left to right, major third are northeast, and major 6th intervals are northwest. Other directions are inverse of their opposite. This diagram helps to visualize common triads (they're triangles) and circle-of-fifth relationships (horizontal lines).

Common Names

Zeitler
Dylian
Dozenal
Nogian

Analysis

Cardinality

Cardinality is the count of how many pitches are in the scale.

7 (heptatonic)

Pitch Class Set

The tones in this scale, expressed as numbers from 0 to 11

{0,1,2,3,6,7,11}

Forte Number

A code assigned by theorist Allen Forte, for this pitch class set and all of its transpositional (rotation) and inversional (reflection) transformations.

7-6

Rotational Symmetry

Some scales have rotational symmetry, sometimes known as "limited transposition". If there are any rotational symmetries, these are the intervals of periodicity.

none

Reflection Axes

If a scale has an axis of reflective symmetry, then it can transform into itself by inversion. It also implies that the scale has Ridge Tones. Notably an axis of reflection can occur directly on a tone or half way between two tones.

none

Palindromicity

A palindromic scale has the same pattern of intervals both ascending and descending.

no

Chirality

A chiral scale can not be transformed into its inverse by rotation. If a scale is chiral, then it has an enantiomorph.

yes
enantiomorph: 3683

Hemitonia

A hemitone is two tones separated by a semitone interval. Hemitonia describes how many such hemitones exist.

5 (multihemitonic)

Cohemitonia

A cohemitone is an instance of two adjacent hemitones. Cohemitonia describes how many such cohemitones exist.

3 (tricohemitonic)

Imperfections

An imperfection is a tone which does not have a perfect fifth above it in the scale. This value is the quantity of imperfections in this scale.

3

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformations of this scale. This number does not include the scale itself, so the number is usually one less than its cardinality; unless there are rotational symmetries then there are even fewer modes.

6

Prime Form

Describes if this scale is in prime form, using the Rahn/Ring formula.

no
prime: 415

Generator

Indicates if the scale can be constructed using a generator, and an origin.

none

Deep Scale

A deep scale is one where the interval vector has 6 different digits.

no

Interval Structure

Defines the scale as the sequence of intervals between one tone and the next.

[1, 1, 1, 3, 1, 4, 1]

Interval Vector

Describes the intervallic content of the scale, read from left to right as the number of occurences of each interval size from semitone, up to six semitones.

<5, 3, 3, 4, 4, 2>

Interval Spectrum

The same as the Interval Vector, but expressed in a syntax used by Howard Hanson.

p4m4n3s3d5t2

Distribution Spectra

Describes the specific interval sizes that exist for each generic interval size. Each generic <g> has a spectrum {n,...}. The Spectrum Width is the difference between the highest and lowest values in each spectrum.

<1> = {1,3,4}
<2> = {2,4,5}
<3> = {3,5,6,8}
<4> = {4,6,7,9}
<5> = {7,8,10}
<6> = {8,9,11}

Spectra Variation

Determined by the Distribution Spectra; this is the sum of all spectrum widths divided by the scale cardinality.

3.143

Maximally Even

A scale is maximally even if the tones are optimally spaced apart from each other.

no

Maximal Area Set

A scale is a maximal area set if a polygon described by vertices dodecimetrically placed around a circle produces the maximal interior area for scales of the same cardinality. All maximally even sets have maximal area, but not all maximal area sets are maximally even.

no

Interior Area

Area of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle, ie a circle with radius of 1.

2.183

Polygon Perimeter

Perimeter of the polygon described by vertices placed for each tone of the scale dodecimetrically around a unit circle.

5.734

Myhill Property

A scale has Myhill Property if the Interval Spectra has exactly two specific intervals for every generic interval.

no

Balanced

A scale is balanced if the distribution of its tones would satisfy the "centrifuge problem", ie are placed such that it would balance on its centre point.

no

Ridge Tones

Ridge Tones are those that appear in all transpositions of a scale upon the members of that scale. Ridge Tones correspond directly with axes of reflective symmetry.

none

Propriety

Also known as Rothenberg Propriety, named after its inventor. Propriety describes whether every specific interval is uniquely mapped to a generic interval. A scale is either "Proper", "Strictly Proper", or "Improper".

Improper

Heteromorphic Profile

Defined by Norman Carey (2002), the heteromorphic profile is an ordered triple of (c, a, d) where c is the number of contradictions, a is the number of ambiguities, and d is the number of differences. When c is zero, the scale is Proper. When a is also zero, the scale is Strictly Proper.

(45, 26, 90)

Tertian Harmonic Chords

Tertian chords are made from alternating members of the scale, ie built from "stacked thirds". Not all scales lend themselves well to tertian harmony.

Common Triads

These are the common triads (major, minor, augmented and diminished) that you can create from members of this scale.

* Pitches are shown with C as the root

Triad TypeTriad*Pitch ClassesDegreeEccentricityCloseness Centrality
Major TriadsG{7,11,2}231.5
B{11,3,6}321.17
Minor Triadscm{0,3,7}231.5
bm{11,2,6}231.5
Augmented TriadsD♯+{3,7,11}321.17
Diminished Triads{0,3,6}231.5

The following pitch classes are not present in any of the common triads: {1}

Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 2255. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 cm cm c°->cm B B c°->B D#+ D#+ cm->D#+ Parsimonious Voice Leading Between Common Triads of Scale 2255. Created by Ian Ring ©2019 G D#+->G D#+->B bm bm G->bm bm->B

Above is a graph showing opportunities for parsimonious voice leading between triads*. Each line connects two triads that have two common tones, while the third tone changes by one generic scale step.

Diameter3
Radius2
Self-Centeredno
Central VerticesD♯+, B
Peripheral Verticesc°, cm, G, bm

Modes

Modes are the rotational transformation of this scale. Scale 2255 can be rotated to make 6 other scales. The 1st mode is itself.

2nd mode:
Scale 3175
Scale 3175: Eponian, Ian Ring Music TheoryEponian
3rd mode:
Scale 3635
Scale 3635: Katygian, Ian Ring Music TheoryKatygian
4th mode:
Scale 3865
Scale 3865: Starian, Ian Ring Music TheoryStarian
5th mode:
Scale 995
Scale 995: Phrathian, Ian Ring Music TheoryPhrathian
6th mode:
Scale 2545
Scale 2545: Thycrian, Ian Ring Music TheoryThycrian
7th mode:
Scale 415
Scale 415: Aeoladian, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeoladianThis is the prime mode

Prime

The prime form of this scale is Scale 415

Scale 415Scale 415: Aeoladian, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeoladian

Complement

The heptatonic modal family [2255, 3175, 3635, 3865, 995, 2545, 415] (Forte: 7-6) is the complement of the pentatonic modal family [103, 899, 2099, 2497, 3097] (Forte: 5-6)

Inverse

The inverse of a scale is a reflection using the root as its axis. The inverse of 2255 is 3683

Scale 3683Scale 3683: Dycrian, Ian Ring Music TheoryDycrian

Enantiomorph

Only scales that are chiral will have an enantiomorph. Scale 2255 is chiral, and its enantiomorph is scale 3683

Scale 3683Scale 3683: Dycrian, Ian Ring Music TheoryDycrian

Transformations:

In the abbreviation, the subscript number after "T" is the number of semitones of tranposition, "M" means the pitch class is multiplied by 5, and "I" means the result is inverted. Operation is an identical way to express the same thing; the syntax is <a,b> where each tone of the set x is transformed by the equation y = ax + b

Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0 <1,0> 2255       T0I <11,0> 3683
T1 <1,1> 415      T1I <11,1> 3271
T2 <1,2> 830      T2I <11,2> 2447
T3 <1,3> 1660      T3I <11,3> 799
T4 <1,4> 3320      T4I <11,4> 1598
T5 <1,5> 2545      T5I <11,5> 3196
T6 <1,6> 995      T6I <11,6> 2297
T7 <1,7> 1990      T7I <11,7> 499
T8 <1,8> 3980      T8I <11,8> 998
T9 <1,9> 3865      T9I <11,9> 1996
T10 <1,10> 3635      T10I <11,10> 3992
T11 <1,11> 3175      T11I <11,11> 3889
Abbrev Operation Result Abbrev Operation Result
T0M <5,0> 3305      T0MI <7,0> 743
T1M <5,1> 2515      T1MI <7,1> 1486
T2M <5,2> 935      T2MI <7,2> 2972
T3M <5,3> 1870      T3MI <7,3> 1849
T4M <5,4> 3740      T4MI <7,4> 3698
T5M <5,5> 3385      T5MI <7,5> 3301
T6M <5,6> 2675      T6MI <7,6> 2507
T7M <5,7> 1255      T7MI <7,7> 919
T8M <5,8> 2510      T8MI <7,8> 1838
T9M <5,9> 925      T9MI <7,9> 3676
T10M <5,10> 1850      T10MI <7,10> 3257
T11M <5,11> 3700      T11MI <7,11> 2419

The transformations that map this set to itself are: T0

Nearby Scales:

These are other scales that are similar to this one, created by adding a tone, removing a tone, or moving one note up or down a semitone.

Scale 2253Scale 2253: Raga Amarasenapriya, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Amarasenapriya
Scale 2251Scale 2251: Zodimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryZodimic
Scale 2247Scale 2247: Raga Vijayasri, Ian Ring Music TheoryRaga Vijayasri
Scale 2263Scale 2263: Lycrian, Ian Ring Music TheoryLycrian
Scale 2271Scale 2271: Poptyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPoptyllic
Scale 2287Scale 2287: Lodyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryLodyllic
Scale 2191Scale 2191: Thydimic, Ian Ring Music TheoryThydimic
Scale 2223Scale 2223: Konian, Ian Ring Music TheoryKonian
Scale 2127Scale 2127: Nafian, Ian Ring Music TheoryNafian
Scale 2383Scale 2383: Katorian, Ian Ring Music TheoryKatorian
Scale 2511Scale 2511: Aeroptyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryAeroptyllic
Scale 2767Scale 2767: Katydyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryKatydyllic
Scale 3279Scale 3279: Pythyllic, Ian Ring Music TheoryPythyllic
Scale 207Scale 207: Beqian, Ian Ring Music TheoryBeqian
Scale 1231Scale 1231: Logian, Ian Ring Music TheoryLogian

This scale analysis was created by Ian Ring, Canadian Composer of works for Piano, and total music theory nerd. Scale notation generated by VexFlow, graph visualization by Graphviz, and MIDI playback by MIDI.js. All other diagrams and visualizations are © Ian Ring. Some scale names used on this and other pages are ©2005 William Zeitler (http://allthescales.org) used with permission.

Pitch spelling algorithm employed here is adapted from a method by Uzay Bora, Baris Tekin Tezel, and Alper Vahaplar. (An algorithm for spelling the pitches of any musical scale) Contact authors Patent owner: Dokuz Eylül University, Used with Permission. Contact TTO

Tons of background resources contributed to the production of this summary; for a list of these peruse this Bibliography. Special thanks to Richard Repp for helping with technical accuracy, and George Howlett for assistance with the Carnatic ragas.